Building Information Modelling adoption in the European Union: An overview

Rabia Charef, Stephen Emmitt, Hafiz Alaka, Farid Fouchal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

102 Citations (Scopus)
544 Downloads (Pure)


Building information modelling (BIM)is one of the most promising recent developments in the Architecture, Engineering, Construction and Operation (AECO)industry. However, its adoption remains a challenge for the AECO industry because it requires a shift to a new way of working, leading to a current discrepancy in the adoption of BIM in the EU. The paper aims at assessing the gaps in the BIM adoption between the 28 EU countries and the barriers related to its implementation. The methodology adopted here is twofold: first, secondary data are given by a systematic literature review, completed with the review of current projects funded by the European Commission, and dealing with fostering the BIM adoption. Second, primary data are provided by a questionnaire survey to classify BIM initiatives regarding policies, the level of adoption and the barriers encountered in the 28 EU countries. In order to grade the heterogeneity of BIM adoption in the EU, we have classified the countries into four categories with different levels of awareness, from early adopters (BIM already mandated)to countries without any plan. The survey has enabled the analysis of twenty barriers to BIM adoption using the four grades in relation to the respondent country. We found barriers that are acknowledged by all countries irrespective of their level of BIM adoption. Other barriers have been already tackled by the early adopters but not by the newcomers who have yet to experience some of these issues. Finally, the assessment of the disparities of BIM adoption within the EU can help the European Commission towards unifying European standard on BIM.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100777
JournalJournal of Building Engineering
Early online date26 Apr 2019
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2019

Bibliographical note

NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Building Engineering. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Building Engineering, Vol. 25, (2019) DOI: 10.1016/j.jobe.2019.100777

© 2019, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International


  • Building information modelling (BIM)
  • BIM Adoption
  • European union
  • Barriers
  • Implementation


Dive into the research topics of 'Building Information Modelling adoption in the European Union: An overview'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this