'Breaking the ICE': Workplace democracy in a modernized social Europe

Stephen Hardy, Nick Adnett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The EU seeks to improve its labour market performance through implementing the Lisbon and European Employment Strategies which encourage the modernization of work organization through the development of partnership with the assistance of an 'appropriate' regulatory framework. Key aspects of this latter framework concern workers' rights regarding information, consultation and participation in corporate governance. European labour laws, introduced in the 1970s, sought to strengthen employers' consultation with their workforce and, more recently, the changing economic, technological and organizational environment has returned issues related to workplace democracy to the top of the social policy agenda. Here we evaluate the significance of the new Directive on Information and Consultation with Employees (ICE) within the context of this planned modernization of European social policy. In doing so, we re-examine the historical development of workers' consultation laws in Europe and assess the economic rationale for regulating workplace social dialogue in an enlarged Social Europe.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1021-1031
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Human Resource Management
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2006


  • Consultation and information
  • Employment relations
  • Employment strategies
  • Social Europe

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Strategy and Management
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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