Brain computer interface based functional electrical stimulation: An outline

B. S K K Ibrahim, F. Sherwani

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

People affected by spinal cord injury (SCI) are usually unable to move their lower limbs due to inactive control of the muscles from the brain. This lack of movement may lead to further moral and physical complexities such as cardiovascular diseases, bone demineralization and bedsores. Physiotherapy based exercise and training are conventionally advised to such plegic patients, which, hereby, has not been shown to be have ample recovery efficiency. Alternatively, Functional electrical stimulation (FES) is a relatively newer technique which uses electrical signals to energize the neurons and excite the tissues in the muscles while producing the corresponding contraction in them. FES alone however requires specific electrical devices to generate and supply certain electrical signals similar to that of generated by human brain. This needs some additional devices to be used as the control system for FES to identify and issue the commands as required from time to time. A brain-computer interface (BCI) is a direct communication pathway between the brain and an external device [1]. It uses electrodes, placed on the scalp, to collect signals from the brain structure [2]. A combination of BCI and FES can be a vital solution to cater this issue, as the paralyzed patient can use his own brain electroencephalogram (EEG) as a control system to perform the required movements. This paper discusses their advantages, short comings and latest research advances in this field. Firstly, the significance of FES devices is being introduced and the different technological techniques reported in literature are discussed. Secondly, human brain is introduced as a control system to be employed within BCI systems to generate the required EEG signal activity. Finally, an incorporation of both FES and BCI is suggested to overcome the presiding issues regarding efficient control of the muscles.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2014 IEEE 19th International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society Annual Conference, IFESS 2014 - Conference Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781479964833
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Feb 2014
Externally publishedYes
Event 19th International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society Annual Conference - Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Duration: 17 Sep 201419 Sep 2014
Conference number: 19th

Publication series

Name2014 IEEE 19th International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society Annual Conference, IFESS 2014 - Conference Proceedings

Conference

Conference 19th International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society Annual Conference
Abbreviated titleIFESS 2014
CountryMalaysia
CityKuala Lumpur
Period17/09/1419/09/14

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Keywords

  • Brain computer Interface
  • Functional Electrical Stimulation
  • Plegia
  • Rehabilitation
  • Spinal Cord Injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Ibrahim, B. S. K. K., & Sherwani, F. (2014). Brain computer interface based functional electrical stimulation: An outline. In 2014 IEEE 19th International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society Annual Conference, IFESS 2014 - Conference Proceedings [07036766] (2014 IEEE 19th International Functional Electrical Stimulation Society Annual Conference, IFESS 2014 - Conference Proceedings). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/IFESS.2014.7036766