The flame retardance of co-cured blends of an unsaturated polyester with various phenolic resoles is improved by the addition of the phosphorus-containing flame retardants: resorcinol bis(diphenyl phosphate), bisphenol-A bis(diphenyl phosphate) and 9,10-dihydro-9-oxa-10-phosphaphenanthrene-10-oxide. Cone calorimetric studies indicate reductions in important parameters such as total heat released and peak heat release rate. However, although the improved flame retardancy is accompanied by increased char yields, smoke evolution is also increased indicating contributions from both condensed-phase and gas-phase mechanisms of flame retardance. Improvements in flame retardance are particularly marked in systems in which the unsaturated polyester is at least partly compatible with the phenolic resole; TGA studies indicate that this may be due to better retention of the flame retardant in the condensed phase in the more compatible systems.
|Journal||Polymer Degradation and Stability|
|Early online date||23 Dec 2013|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 2014|
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- Unsaturated polyester
- Phenolic resole
- Flame retardants