Bioremediation in urban pollution mitigation: Applications to solid media

Andrew B. Shuttleworth, Alan P. Newman, Ernest Okwudiri Nnadi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Contaminated land remains both a barrier to the redevelopment of urban areas and a threat to the wider environment. This chapter concentrates on the applications of bioremediation to the clean-up of solid substrates, both as a means of allowing redevelopment and also to prevent ongoing groundwater pollution. It examines both oxidative and reductive mechanisms. In situ approaches tend to be undertaken when the contamination is at great depth, with little space available, and in some cases, where the site must be kept in use during the process. Enhanced bioremediation of soil typically involves the percolation or injection of water mixed with nutrients, saturated with dissolved oxygen, or provided with another electron acceptor. An in situ soil remediation technique which attempts, in a limited way, to mitigate against this heterogeneity, known as landfarming, has been used in the petroleum industry for many years.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationUrban Pollution
Subtitle of host publicationScience and Management
EditorsSusanne M Charlesworth, Colin A Booth
PublisherWiley-Blackwell
Chapter21
Pages277-291
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9781119260493
ISBN (Print)9781119260486
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Nov 2018

Keywords

  • Contaminated land
  • Enhanced bioremediation
  • Groundwater pollution
  • In situ soil remediation technique
  • Landfarming
  • Reductive mechanisms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)

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