Biogeochemistry and element speciation in sapropel from freshwater Lake Dukhovoe (East Baikal region, Russia)

A.A. Bogush, G. A. Leonova, S. K. Krivonogov, V.A. Bychinsky, V.A. Bobrov, A.E. Maltsev, V.D. Tikhova, L.V. Miroshnichenko, L.M. Kondratyeva, A.E. Kuzmina

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Abstract

This paper presents results of biogeochemical investigation of the Holocene organic-rich sapropelic sediments of Lake Dukhovoe situated not far from the Baikal. The main source of organic matter in Lake Dukhovoe is phytoplankton, which serves as a biogeochemical barrier where elements are accumulated from water and then buried in the bottom sediments. Microorganisms (e.g., bacteria, micromycete and actinomycetes) play significant role in decomposition of organic matter and formation of organic-mineral complexes in four distinguished types of sapropels: organic, organic-mineral, mineral-organic and mineral. Diagenetic transformations of the Lake Dukhovoe sapropels under influence of mechanical, biochemical, microbiological and physicochemical processes lead to transformation of element speciation. A boundary between oxidizing and reducing diagenesis conditions is at the depth of 167 cm in the sapropel core. Change of the conditions forms geochemical barrier in bottom sediments and control the formation of secondary phases (organic-mineral complexes, diatomite, framboidal pyrite, vivianite, carbonates, etc.) as well as processes of accumulation and leaching of chemical elements. Additionally, high contents of Fe, Mn, Cu, Zn, Pb, Cd, and Mo in the upper 10 cm of the sapropel might have been caused by forest fires and anthropogenic factors. The fact of marcasite formation in the stomatocysts of Chrysophyte algae (golden algae) is new and was established for the first time. Based on the results and geochemical equilibrium modelling, the stomatocysts of Chrysophyte algae can be considered as a microreactor for iron sulfide formation.
Original languageEnglish
Article number105384
Number of pages14
JournalApplied Geochemistry
Volume143
Early online date6 Jul 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2022

Bibliographical note

© 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

Funder

The authors gratefully acknowledge the valuable assistance of Dr. E.G. Sorokovikova from the Limnological Institute SB RAS (Irkutsk, Russia). The research was financially supported by RFBR (grant 11-05-12038-ofi-m-2011 and 11-05-00655 ) and interdisciplinary integration project N125, RFBR 18-35-00072 for MAE, IGM SB RAS Basic research project 0330-2016-0018 and SB RAS Program IX.127 “Effective use of AMS analysis in interdisciplinary Earth and Life studies” for KSK. Funding Information: The authors gratefully acknowledge the valuable assistance of Dr. E.G. Sorokovikova from the Limnological Institute SB RAS (Irkutsk, Russia). The research was financially supported by RFBR (grant 11-05-12038-ofi-m-2011 and 11-05-00655) and interdisciplinary integration project N125, RFBR 18-35-00072 for MAE, IGM SB RAS Basic research project 0330-2016-0018 and SB RAS Program IX.127 “Effective use of AMS analysis in interdisciplinary Earth and Life studies” for KSK

Keywords

  • Biosedimentation
  • Chrysophyte algae
  • Early diagenesis
  • Element speciation
  • Organic-rich sediments
  • Plankton

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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