Bilateral tests for the assessment of manipulative skills in children: development, reliability and validity

Franjo Lovric, Igor Jelaska, Cain Clark, Emma Eyre, Durdica Militic, Petra Mandic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose
The aim of this study was to develop and examine the reliability and validity of bilateral tests for simultaneous quantitative and qualitative assessment of manipulative skills among seven-year-olds children.
Methods
A sample of 78 (35 girls) children (7.34±0.53 years) were tested using three novel bilateral tests: Standing ball throwing, Bouncing the ball standing and Dribbling the ball with the foot. Subsequently, reliability and validity of the constructed tests were investigated.
Results
Very high between-participant reliability was demonstrated through high and stable Cronbach's alpha coefficient (for all tests – 0.94 – 0.98), while relatively small coefficient of variation (for all tests – 0.03 – 0.12) were observed. High values of correlation between expert judge’s ratings, as well as intra-class correlation, for both left and right sides indicated excellent between-rater reliability (across all tests- 0.84-0.99, and 0.88-0.93, respectively).
Conclusion
These tests are reliable and valid in seven-year old children; and may be used to promote the adoption of appropriate sport and physical activities, whilst future research should explore the influence of further fine and gross motor skills on motor development.
LanguageEnglish
Pages(In-press)
JournalHuman Movement
Volume(In-press)
StateAccepted/In press - 16 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

Child Development
Reproducibility of Results
Motor Skills
Sports
Foot
Exercise

Cite this

Lovric, F., Jelaska, I., Clark, C., Eyre, E., Militic, D., & Mandic, P. (Accepted/In press). Bilateral tests for the assessment of manipulative skills in children: development, reliability and validity. Human Movement, (In-press), (In-press).

Bilateral tests for the assessment of manipulative skills in children: development, reliability and validity. / Lovric, Franjo; Jelaska, Igor; Clark, Cain; Eyre, Emma; Militic, Durdica; Mandic, Petra.

In: Human Movement, Vol. (In-press), 16.01.2019, p. (In-press).

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lovric, F, Jelaska, I, Clark, C, Eyre, E, Militic, D & Mandic, P 2019, 'Bilateral tests for the assessment of manipulative skills in children: development, reliability and validity' Human Movement, vol. (In-press), pp. (In-press).
Lovric F, Jelaska I, Clark C, Eyre E, Militic D, Mandic P. Bilateral tests for the assessment of manipulative skills in children: development, reliability and validity. Human Movement. 2019 Jan 16;(In-press):(In-press).
Lovric, Franjo ; Jelaska, Igor ; Clark, Cain ; Eyre, Emma ; Militic, Durdica ; Mandic, Petra. / Bilateral tests for the assessment of manipulative skills in children: development, reliability and validity. In: Human Movement. 2019 ; Vol. (In-press). pp. (In-press)
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N2 - PurposeThe aim of this study was to develop and examine the reliability and validity of bilateral tests for simultaneous quantitative and qualitative assessment of manipulative skills among seven-year-olds children.MethodsA sample of 78 (35 girls) children (7.34±0.53 years) were tested using three novel bilateral tests: Standing ball throwing, Bouncing the ball standing and Dribbling the ball with the foot. Subsequently, reliability and validity of the constructed tests were investigated.ResultsVery high between-participant reliability was demonstrated through high and stable Cronbach's alpha coefficient (for all tests – 0.94 – 0.98), while relatively small coefficient of variation (for all tests – 0.03 – 0.12) were observed. High values of correlation between expert judge’s ratings, as well as intra-class correlation, for both left and right sides indicated excellent between-rater reliability (across all tests- 0.84-0.99, and 0.88-0.93, respectively). ConclusionThese tests are reliable and valid in seven-year old children; and may be used to promote the adoption of appropriate sport and physical activities, whilst future research should explore the influence of further fine and gross motor skills on motor development.

AB - PurposeThe aim of this study was to develop and examine the reliability and validity of bilateral tests for simultaneous quantitative and qualitative assessment of manipulative skills among seven-year-olds children.MethodsA sample of 78 (35 girls) children (7.34±0.53 years) were tested using three novel bilateral tests: Standing ball throwing, Bouncing the ball standing and Dribbling the ball with the foot. Subsequently, reliability and validity of the constructed tests were investigated.ResultsVery high between-participant reliability was demonstrated through high and stable Cronbach's alpha coefficient (for all tests – 0.94 – 0.98), while relatively small coefficient of variation (for all tests – 0.03 – 0.12) were observed. High values of correlation between expert judge’s ratings, as well as intra-class correlation, for both left and right sides indicated excellent between-rater reliability (across all tests- 0.84-0.99, and 0.88-0.93, respectively). ConclusionThese tests are reliable and valid in seven-year old children; and may be used to promote the adoption of appropriate sport and physical activities, whilst future research should explore the influence of further fine and gross motor skills on motor development.

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