Bilateral Asymmetries Assessment in Elite and Sub-Elite Male Futsal Players

Jorge López-Fernández, Jorge García-Unanue, Javier Sánchez-Sánchez, Enrique Colino, Enrique Hernando, Leonor Gallardo

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    7 Citations (Scopus)
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    This study aimed to investigate morphological, functional, and neuromuscular asymmetries on futsal players' lower limbs at different competitive levels. Sixteen male elite futsal players from the Spanish National Futsal League and thirteen male sub-elite futsal players from the third division participated in this study. Morphological asymmetry was assessed through bioelectrical impedance (fat-mass (g and %) and lean-mass (g)). Functional asymmetry was assessed by means of a 20-second static unipedal balance test. Finally, neuromuscular asymmetry was assessed using tensiomiography tests on both the rectus femoris (RF) and biceps femoris (BF) of each participant. The three tests conducted did not reveal significant bilateral asymmetries in elite players. On the other hand, sub-elite players showed significant bilateral asymmetry in fat-mass percentage between dominant and non-dominant limbs (+6%; CI95%: 1 to 11; ES: 0.88; p = 0.019). They also showed higher bilateral asymmetry in the delay time of the RF (+13%; CI95%: 7 to 21; ES: 1.3; p < 0.05). However, the static unipedal balance test (p > 0.05) did not evidence asymmetries regardless of the level of the participants. Elite futsal players do not develop bilateral asymmetries in lower limbs in the studied parameters. On the contrary, sub-elite players are likely to develop morphological and neuromuscular asymmetries between their dominant leg and non-dominant leg.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number3169
    Number of pages11
    JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
    Issue number9
    Publication statusPublished - 2 May 2020

    Bibliographical note

    This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


    This research received no external funding. However, Jorge Garcia-Unanue acknowledges his participation in this study was possible thanks to the funding from “Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional, Programa Operativo de la Región de Castilla-La Mancha” (2018/11744). On the other hand, Enrique Colino acknowledges he was funded by a post-graduate scholarship awarded by the Spanish Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport for the development of his PhD (grant number: FPU15/04700).


    • Equilibrium
    • Leg asymmetry
    • Performance
    • Physiology
    • Sport

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
    • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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