Beyond amateurism: the emergence of refereeing as a profession

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This chapter focuses on the advent of the ‘professional’ referee and the associated issues related to the payment of officials amid class tensions in society. Consideration is given to referees as an occupational group and the respects in which they sought to adopt a more professional approach to officiating, as well as related issues concerning referee governance, training and payment. In addition, the introduction of and changes made to referee classification are examined with reference to the role of the FA and FIFA.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationElite Soccer Referees
Subtitle of host publicationOfficiating in the Premier League, La Liga and Serie A
EditorsTom Webb
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)9781315656809
ISBN (Print)9781138101616, 9780367231170
Publication statusPublished - 26 Apr 2017
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameRoutledge Research in Football


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