Automatic electrode and CT/MR image co-localisation for electrocardiographic imaging

YingLiang Ma, Umesh Mistry, Ashley Thorpe, R James Housden, Zhong Chen, Walther H W Schulze, C Aldo Rinaldi, Reza Razavi, Kawal S Rhode

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceedingpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Body surface potential mapping (BSPM) can be used to non-invasively measure the electrical activity of the heart using a dense set of thorax electrodes and a CT/MR scan of the thorax to solve the inverse problem of electrophysiology (ECGi). This technique now shows potential clinical value for the assessment and treatment of patients with arrhythmias. Co-localisation of the electrode positions and the CT/MR thorax scan is essential. This manuscript describes a method to perform the co-localisation using multiple biplane X-ray images. The electrodes are automatically detected and paired in the X-ray images. Then the 3D positions of the electrodes are computed and mapped onto the thorax surface derived from CT/MR. The proposed method is based on a multi-scale blob detection algorithm and the generalized Hough transform, which can automatically discriminate the leads used for BSPM from other ECG leads. The pairing method is based on epi-polar constraint matching and line pattern detection which assumes that BSPM electrodes are arranged in strips. The proposed methods are tested on a thorax phantom and two clinical cases. Results show an accuracy of 0.33 ± 0.20mm for detecting electrodes in the X-ray images and a success rate of 95.4%. The automatic pairing method achieves a 91.2% success rate.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Conference on Functional Imaging and Modeling of the Heart
EditorsSébastien Ourselin, Daniel Rueckert, Nicolas Smith
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Pages268-275
Number of pages8
Edition1
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-642-38899-6
ISBN (Print)978-3-642-38898-9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2013
Externally publishedYes
Event7th International Conference on Functional Imaging and Modeling of the Heart - London, United Kingdom
Duration: 20 Jun 201322 Jun 2013
Conference number: 7

Conference

Conference7th International Conference on Functional Imaging and Modeling of the Heart
Abbreviated titleFIMH 2013
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityLondon
Period20/06/1322/06/13

Keywords

  • Iterative Close Point
  • Body SSurface Potential Mapping
  • Blob Size
  • Blob Detection
  • Epicardial Potential

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