Atrocity Prevention, National Resilience, and Implementation

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


This chapter introduces the concept of resilience as an entry point for conceptualizing atrocity prevention from the “ground up.” It argues that the recent convergence of policy and scholarly interest in how atrocities are avoided (so-called “negative cases”) raises strong possibilities for R2P implementation. The chapter has three parts. First, it charts the conceptual development of R2P’s first pillar – the state’s responsibility to protect its populations. While R2P emerged out of the debate in the 1990s about how the international community should respond to humanitarian emergencies such as Rwanda, Kosovo, and Srebrenica, the concept has broadened to consider the question of how national actors can avoid such emergencies in the first place. Second, it assesses the growing scholarly interest in the question of why genocide and other mass atrocities do not occur, despite the presence of risk. Understanding what local and national actors do to mitigate risk is of central importance to R2P’s first pillar, yet a clear picture of such dynamics has only recently emerged. Finally, it considers how national resilience contributes to implementation. This chapter concludes that the knowledge of existing practices of risk mitigation is slowly being utilized to develop an atrocity-prevention lens, which then facilitates the dissemination of knowledge and insights related to national resilience. While such processes are nascent, this chapter explores ways in which it is beginning to influence domestic practice.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationImplementing the Responsibility to Protect
Subtitle of host publicationA Future Agenda
EditorsCecilia Jacob, Martin Mennecke
Place of PublicationLondon
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9780429293795
ISBN (Print)9780367265526, 9780367265533
Publication statusPublished - 23 Sept 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Political Science and International Relations


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