OBJECTIVES: South African women have disproportionately high levels of overweight and obesity, and ethnic differences in obesity and insulin resistance have been observed. We investigated associations between self-reported sleep duration, obesity and insulin resistance in Black and White South African women.
PARTICIPANTS: Black normal-weight (n = 122), Black obese (n = 133), White normal-weight (n = 87) and White obese (n = 63) urban South African women, aged 18 to 45y.
MEASUREMENTS: Participants completed questionnaires capturing self-reported sleep duration, demographic, socioeconomic, medical history and lifestyle information. Body composition and fasting blood glucose and insulin concentrations were measured.
RESULTS: The Black women reported longer sleep than the White women (median: 8 h, interquartile range: 8-10 h v 7(7-8) respectively, P < .001). Adjusted models indicated that women sleeping <7 h sleep were less likely to be obese (P = .035) or insulin resistant (P = .032), while those sleeping >9 h were more likely to be insulin resistant (P = .014) than those sleeping 7 to 9 h. Shorter self-reported sleep was associated with less insulin resistance (<7 h v 7-9 h: P = .018) and longer sleep with more insulin resistance (>9 h v 7-9 h: P = .047) in the Black but not White women.
CONCLUSIONS: Future research that objectively measures sleep duration is needed to confirm these observations and investigate potential factors contributing to the relationship between sleep and risk for non-communicable diseases in different ethnic groups.
Bibliographical noteCopyright © 2018 National Sleep Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
- African Continental Ancestry Group/statistics & numerical data
- Cohort Studies
- Cross-Sectional Studies
- European Continental Ancestry Group/statistics & numerical data
- Insulin Resistance/ethnology
- Middle Aged
- Self Report
- South Africa
- Time Factors
- Urban Population/statistics & numerical data
- Young Adult