Association between body mass index, physical activity and motor competence in children: Moderation analysis by different environmental contexts

Daniel Rocha, Javiera Alarcón Aguilar, Tulio Martins, Carla Hardman, Rodrigo Antunes Lima, Michael Duncan, Marcos Andre Moura dos Santos, Mauro Barros

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Although the association between body mass index (BMI), physical activity (PA) and motor competence (MC) has been widely investigated, the influence of different environmental contexts is not well defined. Aim: To analyse the relationship between BMI, PA and MC and the moderating role of the environmental context. Subjects and methods: A cross-sectional study was performed with 668 children (318 boys) aged 5–7 years (north-eastern district–Brazil). MC (Körper koordination test fur Kinder; KTK), BMI and PA (parent reporting) were assessed. To classify three contexts of the environment a variable was created based on the presence of a sports court in school and/or environment for play or sports practice out of school. Multilevel mixed-effects linear regressions, interaction test and estimation of coefficients in moderation analysis were used. Results: BMI (β = −2.93; p <.01) and age (β = 19.02; p <.01) were associated, and PA was not associated (β = 0.07; p =.05) with MC. The strength of the association between BMI and MC changed based on the environmental contexts. The better the environment context the weaker the association between BMI and MC (β = −2.93, p <.01 to β = −2.38, p =.33 to β = 0.26, p =.94). Conclusions: The association between BMI and MC is moderated by environmental contexts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)(In-Press)
JournalAnnals of Human Biology
Volume(In-Press)
Early online date2 Jul 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2 Jul 2020

Keywords

  • Child
  • body mass index
  • environment
  • motor skill
  • physical activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Physiology
  • Ageing
  • Genetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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