Assessment of the Potential Use of Compost Filled Plastic Void Forming Units to Serve as Vents on Historic Landfills and Related Sites

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Abstract

Much of the solid municipal waste generated by society is sent to landfill, where biodegrading processes result in the release of methane, a major contributor to climate change. This work examined the possibility of installing a type of biofilter within paved areas of the landfill site, making use of modified pervious paving, both to allow the escape of ground gas and to avoid contamination of groundwater, using specially designed test models with provision for gas sampling in various chambers. It proposes the incorporation of an active layer within a void forming box with a view to making dual use of the pervious pavement to provide both a drainage feature and a ground gas vent, whilst providing an active layer for the oxidation of methane by microbial action. The methane removal was observed to have been effected by microbial oxidation and as such offers great promise as a method of methane removal to allow for development of landfills.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19238-19246
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
Volume25
Early online date21 Sep 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Jul 2018

Fingerprint

Waste Disposal Facilities
Vents
Methane
Land fill
void
compost
Plastics
landfill
Soil
plastic
methane
active layer
Gases
gas
Solid Waste
Biofilters
oxidation
Oxidation
Climate Change
Municipal solid waste

Bibliographical note

The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-0208-7

Keywords

  • landfills
  • waste
  • methane
  • methanotrophs
  • biodegradation
  • biofilter
  • pervious pavement

Cite this

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title = "Assessment of the Potential Use of Compost Filled Plastic Void Forming Units to Serve as Vents on Historic Landfills and Related Sites",
abstract = "Much of the solid municipal waste generated by society is sent to landfill, where biodegrading processes result in the release of methane, a major contributor to climate change. This work examined the possibility of installing a type of biofilter within paved areas of the landfill site, making use of modified pervious paving, both to allow the escape of ground gas and to avoid contamination of groundwater, using specially designed test models with provision for gas sampling in various chambers. It proposes the incorporation of an active layer within a void forming box with a view to making dual use of the pervious pavement to provide both a drainage feature and a ground gas vent, whilst providing an active layer for the oxidation of methane by microbial action. The methane removal was observed to have been effected by microbial oxidation and as such offers great promise as a method of methane removal to allow for development of landfills.",
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author = "Steve Coupe and Ernest Nnadi and Fredrick Mbanaso and Alan Newman",
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AU - Coupe, Steve

AU - Nnadi, Ernest

AU - Mbanaso, Fredrick

AU - Newman, Alan

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N2 - Much of the solid municipal waste generated by society is sent to landfill, where biodegrading processes result in the release of methane, a major contributor to climate change. This work examined the possibility of installing a type of biofilter within paved areas of the landfill site, making use of modified pervious paving, both to allow the escape of ground gas and to avoid contamination of groundwater, using specially designed test models with provision for gas sampling in various chambers. It proposes the incorporation of an active layer within a void forming box with a view to making dual use of the pervious pavement to provide both a drainage feature and a ground gas vent, whilst providing an active layer for the oxidation of methane by microbial action. The methane removal was observed to have been effected by microbial oxidation and as such offers great promise as a method of methane removal to allow for development of landfills.

AB - Much of the solid municipal waste generated by society is sent to landfill, where biodegrading processes result in the release of methane, a major contributor to climate change. This work examined the possibility of installing a type of biofilter within paved areas of the landfill site, making use of modified pervious paving, both to allow the escape of ground gas and to avoid contamination of groundwater, using specially designed test models with provision for gas sampling in various chambers. It proposes the incorporation of an active layer within a void forming box with a view to making dual use of the pervious pavement to provide both a drainage feature and a ground gas vent, whilst providing an active layer for the oxidation of methane by microbial action. The methane removal was observed to have been effected by microbial oxidation and as such offers great promise as a method of methane removal to allow for development of landfills.

KW - landfills

KW - waste

KW - methane

KW - methanotrophs

KW - biodegradation

KW - biofilter

KW - pervious pavement

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JO - Environmental Science and Pollution Research

JF - Environmental Science and Pollution Research

SN - 0944-1344

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