Assessment of biomass energy potential for SRC willow woodchips in a pilot scale bubbling fluidized bed gasifier

Irfan Ul Hai, Farooq Sher, Aqsa Yaqoob, Hao Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The current study investigates the short rotation coppice (SRC) gasification in a bubbling fluidized bed gasifier (BFBG) with air as gasifying medium. The thermochemical processes during combustion were studied to get better control over the air gasification and to improve its effectiveness. The combustion process of SRC was studied by different thermo-analytical techniques. The thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), derivative thermogravimetry (DTG), and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were performed to examine the thermal degradation and heat flow rates. The product gas composition (CO, CO2, CH4 and H2) produced during gasification was analyzed systematically by using an online gas analyzer and an offline GC analyzer. The influence of different equivalence ratios on product gas composition and temperature profile was investigated during SRC gasification. TG/DTG results showed degradation occur in four stages; drying, devolatilization, char combustion and ash formation. Maximum mass loss ~70% was observed in devolatilization stage and two sharp peaks at 315–500 °C in TG/DSC curves indicate the exothermic reactions. The temperature of gasifier was increased in the range of 650–850 °C along with the height of the reactor with increasing equivalent ratio (ER) from 0.25 to 0.32. The experimental results showed that with an increment in ER from 0.25 to 0.32, the average gas composition of H2, CO, CH4 decreased in the range of 9–6%, 16–12%, 4–3% and CO2 concentration increased from 17 to 19% respectively. The gasifier performance parameters showed a maximum high heating value (HHV) of 4.70 MJ/m3, Low heating value (LHV) of 4.37 MJ/m3 and cold gas efficiency (CGE) of 49.63% at 0.25 ER. The ER displayed direct effect on carbon conversion efficiency (CCE) of 95.76% at 0.32 ER and tar yield reduced from 16.78 to 7.24 g/m3 with increasing ER from 0.25 to 0.32. All parametric results confirmed the reliability of the gasification process and showed a positive impact of ER on CCE and tar yield.

Original languageEnglish
Article number116143
JournalFuel
Volume258
Early online date10 Sep 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 10 Sep 2019

Fingerprint

Salix
Potential energy
Gasification
Fluidized beds
Biomass
Gases
Thermogravimetric analysis
Tars
Tar
Carbon Monoxide
Ashes
Conversion efficiency
Differential scanning calorimetry
Carbon
Chemical analysis
Derivatives
Heating
Exothermic reactions
Air
Drying

Keywords

  • Biomass gasification
  • Bubbling fluidized bed
  • Product gas composition and tar yield
  • Renewable energy
  • SRC willow chips
  • Thermo-analytical techniques

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

Assessment of biomass energy potential for SRC willow woodchips in a pilot scale bubbling fluidized bed gasifier. / Ul Hai, Irfan; Sher, Farooq; Yaqoob, Aqsa; Liu, Hao.

In: Fuel, Vol. 258, 116143, 15.12.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The current study investigates the short rotation coppice (SRC) gasification in a bubbling fluidized bed gasifier (BFBG) with air as gasifying medium. The thermochemical processes during combustion were studied to get better control over the air gasification and to improve its effectiveness. The combustion process of SRC was studied by different thermo-analytical techniques. The thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), derivative thermogravimetry (DTG), and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were performed to examine the thermal degradation and heat flow rates. The product gas composition (CO, CO2, CH4 and H2) produced during gasification was analyzed systematically by using an online gas analyzer and an offline GC analyzer. The influence of different equivalence ratios on product gas composition and temperature profile was investigated during SRC gasification. TG/DTG results showed degradation occur in four stages; drying, devolatilization, char combustion and ash formation. Maximum mass loss ~70{\%} was observed in devolatilization stage and two sharp peaks at 315–500 °C in TG/DSC curves indicate the exothermic reactions. The temperature of gasifier was increased in the range of 650–850 °C along with the height of the reactor with increasing equivalent ratio (ER) from 0.25 to 0.32. The experimental results showed that with an increment in ER from 0.25 to 0.32, the average gas composition of H2, CO, CH4 decreased in the range of 9–6{\%}, 16–12{\%}, 4–3{\%} and CO2 concentration increased from 17 to 19{\%} respectively. The gasifier performance parameters showed a maximum high heating value (HHV) of 4.70 MJ/m3, Low heating value (LHV) of 4.37 MJ/m3 and cold gas efficiency (CGE) of 49.63{\%} at 0.25 ER. The ER displayed direct effect on carbon conversion efficiency (CCE) of 95.76{\%} at 0.32 ER and tar yield reduced from 16.78 to 7.24 g/m3 with increasing ER from 0.25 to 0.32. All parametric results confirmed the reliability of the gasification process and showed a positive impact of ER on CCE and tar yield.",
keywords = "Biomass gasification, Bubbling fluidized bed, Product gas composition and tar yield, Renewable energy, SRC willow chips, Thermo-analytical techniques",
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AU - Ul Hai, Irfan

AU - Sher, Farooq

AU - Yaqoob, Aqsa

AU - Liu, Hao

PY - 2019/9/10

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N2 - The current study investigates the short rotation coppice (SRC) gasification in a bubbling fluidized bed gasifier (BFBG) with air as gasifying medium. The thermochemical processes during combustion were studied to get better control over the air gasification and to improve its effectiveness. The combustion process of SRC was studied by different thermo-analytical techniques. The thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), derivative thermogravimetry (DTG), and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were performed to examine the thermal degradation and heat flow rates. The product gas composition (CO, CO2, CH4 and H2) produced during gasification was analyzed systematically by using an online gas analyzer and an offline GC analyzer. The influence of different equivalence ratios on product gas composition and temperature profile was investigated during SRC gasification. TG/DTG results showed degradation occur in four stages; drying, devolatilization, char combustion and ash formation. Maximum mass loss ~70% was observed in devolatilization stage and two sharp peaks at 315–500 °C in TG/DSC curves indicate the exothermic reactions. The temperature of gasifier was increased in the range of 650–850 °C along with the height of the reactor with increasing equivalent ratio (ER) from 0.25 to 0.32. The experimental results showed that with an increment in ER from 0.25 to 0.32, the average gas composition of H2, CO, CH4 decreased in the range of 9–6%, 16–12%, 4–3% and CO2 concentration increased from 17 to 19% respectively. The gasifier performance parameters showed a maximum high heating value (HHV) of 4.70 MJ/m3, Low heating value (LHV) of 4.37 MJ/m3 and cold gas efficiency (CGE) of 49.63% at 0.25 ER. The ER displayed direct effect on carbon conversion efficiency (CCE) of 95.76% at 0.32 ER and tar yield reduced from 16.78 to 7.24 g/m3 with increasing ER from 0.25 to 0.32. All parametric results confirmed the reliability of the gasification process and showed a positive impact of ER on CCE and tar yield.

AB - The current study investigates the short rotation coppice (SRC) gasification in a bubbling fluidized bed gasifier (BFBG) with air as gasifying medium. The thermochemical processes during combustion were studied to get better control over the air gasification and to improve its effectiveness. The combustion process of SRC was studied by different thermo-analytical techniques. The thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), derivative thermogravimetry (DTG), and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were performed to examine the thermal degradation and heat flow rates. The product gas composition (CO, CO2, CH4 and H2) produced during gasification was analyzed systematically by using an online gas analyzer and an offline GC analyzer. The influence of different equivalence ratios on product gas composition and temperature profile was investigated during SRC gasification. TG/DTG results showed degradation occur in four stages; drying, devolatilization, char combustion and ash formation. Maximum mass loss ~70% was observed in devolatilization stage and two sharp peaks at 315–500 °C in TG/DSC curves indicate the exothermic reactions. The temperature of gasifier was increased in the range of 650–850 °C along with the height of the reactor with increasing equivalent ratio (ER) from 0.25 to 0.32. The experimental results showed that with an increment in ER from 0.25 to 0.32, the average gas composition of H2, CO, CH4 decreased in the range of 9–6%, 16–12%, 4–3% and CO2 concentration increased from 17 to 19% respectively. The gasifier performance parameters showed a maximum high heating value (HHV) of 4.70 MJ/m3, Low heating value (LHV) of 4.37 MJ/m3 and cold gas efficiency (CGE) of 49.63% at 0.25 ER. The ER displayed direct effect on carbon conversion efficiency (CCE) of 95.76% at 0.32 ER and tar yield reduced from 16.78 to 7.24 g/m3 with increasing ER from 0.25 to 0.32. All parametric results confirmed the reliability of the gasification process and showed a positive impact of ER on CCE and tar yield.

KW - Biomass gasification

KW - Bubbling fluidized bed

KW - Product gas composition and tar yield

KW - Renewable energy

KW - SRC willow chips

KW - Thermo-analytical techniques

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