Assessing the Three-Dimensional Behaviour of Dry Stone Retaining Walls by Full-Scale Experiments

Hong Hanh Le, Jean Claude Morel, Anne Sophie Colas, Benjamin Terrade, Denis Garnier

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    4 Citations (Scopus)


    Dry stone masonry is a widespread building technique, which has been used in Europe and all around the world in both monumental and vernacular architecture. Amongst them, dry stone structures retaining slopes have received growing attention over the past two decades, but only a few studies concentrate on the influence of localised loading upon the backfill. This paper describes an experimental campaign, comprising two tests on full-scale structures, which has been undertaken in France in order to investigate the behaviour of dry stone road retaining walls. The results of these tests are compared with those of a previous experimental campaign, and of a theoretical approach.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1373-1383
    Number of pages11
    JournalInternational Journal of Architectural Heritage
    Issue number9
    Early online date5 May 2019
    Publication statusPublished - 20 Oct 2020


    This work is part of the French national project PEDRA 10 MGC S 017 devoted to the study of dry stone constructions. The authors would like to acknowledge the French Ministry for the Ecological and Inclusive Transition (MTES) for its financial support to this project.


    • 3D behaviour
    • dry stone masonry
    • full-scale tests
    • retaining walls
    • upper-bound limit analysis

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Conservation
    • Architecture
    • Visual Arts and Performing Arts


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