Assessing the Three-Dimensional Behaviour of Dry Stone Retaining Walls by Full-Scale Experiments

Hong Hanh Le, Jean Claude Morel, Anne Sophie Colas, Benjamin Terrade, Denis Garnier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Dry stone masonry is a widespread building technique, which has been used in Europe and all around the world in both monumental and vernacular architecture. Amongst them, dry stone structures retaining slopes have received growing attention over the past two decades, but only a few studies concentrate on the influence of localised loading upon the backfill. This paper describes an experimental campaign, comprising two tests on full-scale structures, which has been undertaken in France in order to investigate the behaviour of dry stone road retaining walls. The results of these tests are compared with those of a previous experimental campaign, and of a theoretical approach.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)(In-Press)
JournalInternational Journal of Architectural Heritage
Early online date5 May 2019
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 5 May 2019



  • 3D behaviour
  • dry stone masonry
  • full-scale tests
  • retaining walls
  • upper-bound limit analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Conservation
  • Architecture
  • Visual Arts and Performing Arts

Cite this