Assessing Leadership and Employee Safety Participation in Managing Health And Safety: A Case Study Of K-Refinery And Petrochemical Companies (K-RPC)

Stephen Chukwubuikem Theophilus, J.H. Shaibu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceedingpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
76 Downloads (Pure)


The ever increasing need for energy resources creates complex health and safety challenges in petroleum and petrochemical companies and human participation is crucial to the management of health and safety particularly in K-Refinery and Petrochemical companies (K-RPC). The research set out to differentiate management safety performance behaviour into two different types, assess the impact of employee and management safety participation on overall safety performance and to evaluate the impact of employees’ safety knowledge/perception on compliant behaviour in K-RPC. Methods employed in the assessment are the Mann Whitney U Test, Correlation Analysis and descriptive statistics. The results suggested that there is no difference in mean ranking between management and employees regarding the level of management commitment, indicating a high level of participation. A significant negative correlation was found between employees’ safety knowledge and safety compliant behaviour, which implies a low practical application of safety knowledge gained through training. Therefore, though management participation in safety issues in K-RPC is perceived to be high, this commitment did not impact on the overall levels of safety performance in K-RPC. Hence, the manner in which participation in work-related safety is exhibited has an overwhelming impact on safety performance. When participation takes the form of directives rather than direct and true active involvement during work operations, the empowering safety leadership which is a fundamental drive to the attainment of an incident-free work will be missing.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEnergy and Sustainability V
EditorsH.H. Al-Kayiem, C.A. Brebbia, S.S. Zubir
Place of PublicationSouthampton
Number of pages11
ISBN (Print)978-1-84564-837-4
Publication statusPublished - 2015
EventEnergy and Sustainability 2014 - Putrajaya, Malaysia
Duration: 16 Dec 201418 Dec 2014
Conference number: 5

Publication series

NameWIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment
PublisherWIT Press
ISSN (Electronic)1743-3541


ConferenceEnergy and Sustainability 2014
Internet address

Bibliographical note

This book is the proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Energy and Sustainability, held by the Wessex Institute of Technology, 16 – 18 December, 2014, Putrajaya, Malaysia.


  • employee participation
  • health and safety
  • management commitment
  • management participation
  • management performance behaviours
  • occupational accident
  • refinery and petrochemical company
  • safety climate
  • safety culture
  • safety outcomes
  • safety participation
  • safety performance behaviours


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