Artificial Aggregate Made from Expanded Polystyrene Beads Coated with Cement Kiln Dust—An Experimental Trial

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceedingpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The use of waste materials from industrial products to support green building and environmentally friendly construction needs more attention and becomes a common thought. The use of waste materials such as Cement Kiln Dust (CKD) or often referred to as Bypass Dust (BPD), as a concrete substitution material, has been done a lot and not a few have given positive results. However, it is necessary to have other alternatives regarding using this waste material, one of which is to try to use it as a coating material for lightweight materials such as Expanded Polystyrene (EPS) to manufacture artificial aggregate. This coating technique uses a solvent/adhesive in the form of liquid (acetone–water and polyvinyl acetate-water). The resulting weights of coated EPS with BPD are 154–175 g/l. Artificial lightweight aggregate made from EPS grains coated with CKD powder with an adhesive solution of a mixture of Polyvinyl Acetate (PVA)-water gave more promising results than an acetone–water binder. The process of creating coated EPS shows the potential as artificial aggregates for a lightweight concrete. The coated EPS gives a better result in strength than pure EPS beads when replacing the coarse aggregate.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Second International Conference of Construction, Infrastructure, and Materials - ICCIM 2021
EditorsHan Ay Lie, Monty Sutrisna, Joewono Prasetijo, Bonaventura H.W. Hadikusumo, Leksmono Suryo Putranto
Place of PublicationSingapore
PublisherSpringer, Singapore
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)978-981-16-7949-0
ISBN (Print)978-981-16-7948-3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2022

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Civil Engineering
ISSN (Print)2366-2557
ISSN (Electronic)2366-2565


  • Acetone
  • Cement Kiln dust (CKD)
  • Coating
  • Expanded polystyrene (EPS) beads
  • Polyvinyl acetate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering


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