Armed conflict and peace processes in the Middle East and North Africa: Armed conflict and peace processes in Iraq, Syria and Turkey

Ian Davis, Dylan O'Driscoll

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

86 Downloads (Pure)


This section reviews the complex and interlinked armed conflicts in Iraq,
Syria and Turkey. During 2019 the Assad government consolidated its hold
in Syria and achieved further strategic gains, while Iraq remained a fragile,
largely post-conflict state with weak institutions and growing protests. In
a sign of the growing normalization between the two countries, a border
crossing that had been closed since 2012 was reopened in September 2019.1
Iran remained an influential presence in both countries. In 2019 Turkey
continued its military operations in northern Iraq and carried out a new
incursion of northern Syria, after United States President Donald J. Trump
announced a US withdrawal. An agreement by Russia and Turkey to create a
‘safe zone’ in north-eastern Syria in October 2019 cemented Russia’s role as a
key power broker in Syria, moved Turkey further away from its Western orbit
and signified a diminished US influence in the region. Overall, the Kurds—
an ethnic group of about 30 million people with populations living in Iran,
Iraq, Syria and Turkey—were the main losers in a reordering of the regional
balance of power during the year (despite some political gains in Iraq)
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSIPRI Yearbook 2020
Subtitle of host publicationArmaments, Disarmament and International Security
Place of PublicationOxford
PublisherOxford University Press (OUP)
Number of pages15
ISBN (Print)9780198869207
Publication statusPublished - 14 Sept 2020

Bibliographical note

Copyright © and Moral Rights are retained by the author(s) and/ or other
copyright owners. A copy can be downloaded for personal non-commercial
research or study, without prior permission or charge. This item cannot be
reproduced or quoted extensively from without first obtaining permission in
writing from the copyright holder(s). The content must not be changed in any
way or sold commercially in any format or medium without the formal
permission of the copyright holders.


  • Peace and Conflict


Dive into the research topics of 'Armed conflict and peace processes in the Middle East and North Africa: Armed conflict and peace processes in Iraq, Syria and Turkey'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this