Are BMI, Self-Perceptions, Motor Competence, Engagement, and Fitness Related to Physical Activity in Physical Education Lessons?

Nadia Cristina Valentini, Glauber Carvalho Nobre, Mariele Santayana de Souza, Michael Duncan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Higher levels of actual and perceived motor competence are purported to lead to participation in physical activity (PA). Whereas considerable work has been published regarding motor and perceived competence and body mass index (BMI), much less is known about the association of these variables considering PA and engagement in physical education settings—the focus of the present study. Method: In 600 children (aged 3–10 y), PA during physical education lessons, locomotor skills, object control skills, perceived competence, and BMI (study 1) were assessed. In a subsample of 149 children, PA, engagement, and health-related fitness were assessed (study 2). Results: Structural equation model showed that in study 1, locomotor skills were the strongest variable in the early years, and object control skills were the strongest later, in explained PA. The regression analysis, in study 2, showed that BMI, object control skills, and engagement were significantly associated with PA and that appropriate motor engagement was the best predictor of PA. Conclusion: The authors extended previous research by providing evidence that motor competence varies across childhood in explaining participation in PA, and appropriate motor engagement plays a critical role in being active during lessons and was the strongest predictor of PA. BMI and self-perception were not significant in the models.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)493-500
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Activity & Health
Volume17
Issue number5
Early online date16 Apr 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2020

Keywords

  • exercise
  • motor behavior
  • motor skills
  • nutritional status
  • perceived competence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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