Application of the Socio-Ecological model to predict physical activity behaviour among nigerian university students

Inimfon Aniema Essiet, Anisah Baharom, Hayati Kadir Shahar, Benjamin Uzochukwu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction: Physical activity among university students is a catalyst for habitual physical activity in adulthood. Physical activity has many health benefits besides the improvement in academic performance. The present study assessed the predictors of physical activity among Nigerian university students using the Social Ecological Model (SEM). Methods: This cross-sectional study recruited first-year undergraduate students in the University of Uyo, Nigeria by multistage sampling. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) short-version was used to assess physical activity in the study. Factors were categorised according to the Socio-Ecological Model which consisted of individual, social environment, physical environment and policy level. Data was analysed using the IBM SPSS statistical software, version 22. Simple and multiple logistic regression were used to determine the predictors of sufficient physical activity. Results: A total of 342 respondents completed the study questionnaire. Majority of the respondents (93.6%) reported sufficient physical activity at 7-day recall. Multivariate analysis revealed that respondents belonging to the Ibibio ethnic group were about four times more likely to be sufficiently active compared to those who belonged to the other ethnic groups (AOR = 3.725, 95% CI = 1.383 to 10.032). Also, participants who had a normal weight were about four times more likely to be physically active compared to those who were underweight (AOR = 4.268, 95% CI = 1.323 to 13.772). Conclusion: This study concluded that there was sufficient physical activity levels among respondents. It is suggested that emphasis be given to implementing interventions aimed at sustaining sufficient levels of physical activity among students.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110
JournalPan African Medical Journal
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2017
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Inimfon Aniema Essiet et al.


  • Nigeria
  • Physical activity
  • Social-ecological model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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