Application of lasers in laser incision of woods: A review

Subhasisa Nath, David Waugh, Graham Ormondroyd, Morwenna Spear, Andy Pitman, Simon Curling, Paul Mason

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Preservative treatment is necessary to provide adequate service lives in products manufactured from low durability timbers. However, the low permeability of the heartwoods of many species leads to poor preservative uptake and penetration. To improve treatment incising has been used to produce new flow paths. Laser incising is effective at improving the flow of preservative into the wood and is said to produce less mechanical damage and loss of strength than mechanical incising. This paper provides an overview of laser incision of woods, including the effects of laser types (wavelength and pulse duration) on incision rate, quality of incised holes, preservative treatability/retention in wood and structural changes to the wood. The review paper also summarises the factors that can influence the efficiency of laser incision process. Recommended best practices for laser incising wood are presented.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Laser Applications
Publication statusSubmitted - Jan 2019

Fingerprint

preservatives
Wood
Lasers
lasers
service life
Timber
durability
Service life
Strength of materials
Laser pulses
permeability
pulse duration
Durability
penetration
damage
Wavelength
products
wavelengths

Keywords

  • Laser; Incision; Wood; Wavelength; Preservative; Treatability

Cite this

Nath, S., Waugh, D., Ormondroyd, G., Spear, M., Pitman, A., Curling, S., & Mason, P. (2019). Application of lasers in laser incision of woods: A review. Manuscript submitted for publication.

Application of lasers in laser incision of woods: A review. / Nath, Subhasisa; Waugh, David; Ormondroyd, Graham ; Spear, Morwenna ; Pitman, Andy ; Curling, Simon ; Mason, Paul .

In: Journal of Laser Applications, 01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Nath, S, Waugh, D, Ormondroyd, G, Spear, M, Pitman, A, Curling, S & Mason, P 2019, 'Application of lasers in laser incision of woods: A review' Journal of Laser Applications.
Nath, Subhasisa ; Waugh, David ; Ormondroyd, Graham ; Spear, Morwenna ; Pitman, Andy ; Curling, Simon ; Mason, Paul . / Application of lasers in laser incision of woods: A review. In: Journal of Laser Applications. 2019.
@article{b4853463efd54e9f97dc3f86f97efe18,
title = "Application of lasers in laser incision of woods: A review",
abstract = "Preservative treatment is necessary to provide adequate service lives in products manufactured from low durability timbers. However, the low permeability of the heartwoods of many species leads to poor preservative uptake and penetration. To improve treatment incising has been used to produce new flow paths. Laser incising is effective at improving the flow of preservative into the wood and is said to produce less mechanical damage and loss of strength than mechanical incising. This paper provides an overview of laser incision of woods, including the effects of laser types (wavelength and pulse duration) on incision rate, quality of incised holes, preservative treatability/retention in wood and structural changes to the wood. The review paper also summarises the factors that can influence the efficiency of laser incision process. Recommended best practices for laser incising wood are presented.",
keywords = "Laser; Incision; Wood; Wavelength; Preservative; Treatability",
author = "Subhasisa Nath and David Waugh and Graham Ormondroyd and Morwenna Spear and Andy Pitman and Simon Curling and Paul Mason",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
language = "English",
journal = "Journal of Laser Applications",
issn = "1042-346X",
publisher = "Laser Institute of America",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Application of lasers in laser incision of woods: A review

AU - Nath, Subhasisa

AU - Waugh, David

AU - Ormondroyd, Graham

AU - Spear, Morwenna

AU - Pitman, Andy

AU - Curling, Simon

AU - Mason, Paul

PY - 2019/1

Y1 - 2019/1

N2 - Preservative treatment is necessary to provide adequate service lives in products manufactured from low durability timbers. However, the low permeability of the heartwoods of many species leads to poor preservative uptake and penetration. To improve treatment incising has been used to produce new flow paths. Laser incising is effective at improving the flow of preservative into the wood and is said to produce less mechanical damage and loss of strength than mechanical incising. This paper provides an overview of laser incision of woods, including the effects of laser types (wavelength and pulse duration) on incision rate, quality of incised holes, preservative treatability/retention in wood and structural changes to the wood. The review paper also summarises the factors that can influence the efficiency of laser incision process. Recommended best practices for laser incising wood are presented.

AB - Preservative treatment is necessary to provide adequate service lives in products manufactured from low durability timbers. However, the low permeability of the heartwoods of many species leads to poor preservative uptake and penetration. To improve treatment incising has been used to produce new flow paths. Laser incising is effective at improving the flow of preservative into the wood and is said to produce less mechanical damage and loss of strength than mechanical incising. This paper provides an overview of laser incision of woods, including the effects of laser types (wavelength and pulse duration) on incision rate, quality of incised holes, preservative treatability/retention in wood and structural changes to the wood. The review paper also summarises the factors that can influence the efficiency of laser incision process. Recommended best practices for laser incising wood are presented.

KW - Laser; Incision; Wood; Wavelength; Preservative; Treatability

M3 - Review article

JO - Journal of Laser Applications

JF - Journal of Laser Applications

SN - 1042-346X

ER -