Anionic membrane and ionomer based on poly (2, 6-dimethyl-1, 4-phenylene oxide) for alkaline membrane fuel cells

Ai Lien Ong, Saeed Saad, Rong Lan, Robert J Goodfellow, Shanwen Tao

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    33 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Hydroxyl-ion conductive poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene oxide) (PPO) membranes with different characteristics were prepared via relatively simple bromination/amination serial reactions with reduced number of involved chemicals and shorter reaction time. The effects of reactants ratio, reaction atmosphere, polymer concentration, casting solvent, and hydroxylation treatment on reaction were investigated in details. The microstructure, water uptake, swelling ratio, ion-exchange capacity and ionic conductivity of the membranes were also studied. The obtained results demonstrate that, the ionic conductivity of the membrane is dependent on casting solvent. The N-methyl-2-pyrrolidonecast membrane exhibits the highest conductivity with the thinnest film. Although the membrane was prepared via a relatively simple preparation route with least toxic chemicals, a competitive ionic conductivity value of 1.64 × 10−2 S cm−1 was achieved at 60 °C. A power density of 19.5 mW cm−2 has been demonstrated from the alkaline membrane fuel cell operated at 70 °C, assembled from the entirely homemade membrane electrode assembly without any hot-pressing.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)8272-8279
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Power Sources
    Volume196
    Issue number20
    Early online date13 Jun 2011
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2011

    Fingerprint

    Ionomers
    fuel cells
    Fuel cells
    membranes
    Membranes
    Oxides
    oxides
    Ionic conductivity
    ion currents
    plasticizers
    Casting
    bromination
    Amination
    Polyphenylene oxides
    conductivity
    Hydroxylation
    hot pressing
    Poisons
    Hot pressing
    poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene oxide)

    Keywords

    • Alkaline membrane fuel cell
    • Bromination
    • Amination
    • Ionic conductivity
    • PPO

    Cite this

    Anionic membrane and ionomer based on poly (2, 6-dimethyl-1, 4-phenylene oxide) for alkaline membrane fuel cells. / Ong, Ai Lien; Saad, Saeed ; Lan, Rong; Goodfellow, Robert J; Tao, Shanwen .

    In: Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 196, No. 20, 15.10.2011, p. 8272-8279.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Ong, Ai Lien ; Saad, Saeed ; Lan, Rong ; Goodfellow, Robert J ; Tao, Shanwen . / Anionic membrane and ionomer based on poly (2, 6-dimethyl-1, 4-phenylene oxide) for alkaline membrane fuel cells. In: Journal of Power Sources. 2011 ; Vol. 196, No. 20. pp. 8272-8279.
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    abstract = "Hydroxyl-ion conductive poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene oxide) (PPO) membranes with different characteristics were prepared via relatively simple bromination/amination serial reactions with reduced number of involved chemicals and shorter reaction time. The effects of reactants ratio, reaction atmosphere, polymer concentration, casting solvent, and hydroxylation treatment on reaction were investigated in details. The microstructure, water uptake, swelling ratio, ion-exchange capacity and ionic conductivity of the membranes were also studied. The obtained results demonstrate that, the ionic conductivity of the membrane is dependent on casting solvent. The N-methyl-2-pyrrolidonecast membrane exhibits the highest conductivity with the thinnest film. Although the membrane was prepared via a relatively simple preparation route with least toxic chemicals, a competitive ionic conductivity value of 1.64 × 10−2 S cm−1 was achieved at 60 °C. A power density of 19.5 mW cm−2 has been demonstrated from the alkaline membrane fuel cell operated at 70 °C, assembled from the entirely homemade membrane electrode assembly without any hot-pressing.",
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    AU - Ong, Ai Lien

    AU - Saad, Saeed

    AU - Lan, Rong

    AU - Goodfellow, Robert J

    AU - Tao, Shanwen

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    N2 - Hydroxyl-ion conductive poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene oxide) (PPO) membranes with different characteristics were prepared via relatively simple bromination/amination serial reactions with reduced number of involved chemicals and shorter reaction time. The effects of reactants ratio, reaction atmosphere, polymer concentration, casting solvent, and hydroxylation treatment on reaction were investigated in details. The microstructure, water uptake, swelling ratio, ion-exchange capacity and ionic conductivity of the membranes were also studied. The obtained results demonstrate that, the ionic conductivity of the membrane is dependent on casting solvent. The N-methyl-2-pyrrolidonecast membrane exhibits the highest conductivity with the thinnest film. Although the membrane was prepared via a relatively simple preparation route with least toxic chemicals, a competitive ionic conductivity value of 1.64 × 10−2 S cm−1 was achieved at 60 °C. A power density of 19.5 mW cm−2 has been demonstrated from the alkaline membrane fuel cell operated at 70 °C, assembled from the entirely homemade membrane electrode assembly without any hot-pressing.

    AB - Hydroxyl-ion conductive poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene oxide) (PPO) membranes with different characteristics were prepared via relatively simple bromination/amination serial reactions with reduced number of involved chemicals and shorter reaction time. The effects of reactants ratio, reaction atmosphere, polymer concentration, casting solvent, and hydroxylation treatment on reaction were investigated in details. The microstructure, water uptake, swelling ratio, ion-exchange capacity and ionic conductivity of the membranes were also studied. The obtained results demonstrate that, the ionic conductivity of the membrane is dependent on casting solvent. The N-methyl-2-pyrrolidonecast membrane exhibits the highest conductivity with the thinnest film. Although the membrane was prepared via a relatively simple preparation route with least toxic chemicals, a competitive ionic conductivity value of 1.64 × 10−2 S cm−1 was achieved at 60 °C. A power density of 19.5 mW cm−2 has been demonstrated from the alkaline membrane fuel cell operated at 70 °C, assembled from the entirely homemade membrane electrode assembly without any hot-pressing.

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    KW - Amination

    KW - Ionic conductivity

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