Analysing the impact of post-pandemic factors on entrepreneurial intentions: The enduring significance of self-efficacy in student planned behaviour.

J Chahal, M. H Shoukat, Hiba Massoud, Rami Ayoubi

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After the pandemic, there has still been an increased interest in examining university students’ entrepreneurial goals. In this study, we looked at the practicality and validity of using self-efficacy to broaden the theory of planned behavior (TPB) in assessing students’ intent to be entrepreneurs. Additionally, we looked at how students’ geographic location and gender affected their plans to start their businesses. Following the epidemic, we analyzed data obtained from a number of university students in both urban and rural regions of India using PLS-SEM and ANN methods. Our study confirmed the pivotal role that university students’ self-efficacy had in their entrepreneurial goals. The results of multi-group analysis (MGA) reported the insignificant moderating role of gender for the students’ entrepreneurial intentions. Still, they found a statistically significant difference in their said behavior control for entrepreneurial intentions regarding location. Based on their perceived behavioral control, the findings also suggest that youths in rural areas had lower entrepreneurial inclinations than urban students. The study indicated that considering the importance of student self-efficacy, universities should focus on improving students’ skill sets and problem-solving mindsets while constructing education courses.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2302796
Number of pages20
JournalCogent Business and Management
Issue number1
Early online date13 Mar 2024
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 13 Mar 2024

Bibliographical note

© 2024 the author(s). Published by informa uK Limited, trading as taylor & Francis group
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. the terms on which this article has been published allow the posting of the accepted Manuscript in a repository by the author(s) or with their consent


  • Entrepreneurial intentions
  • self-efficacy
  • Artificial neural network (ANN)
  • Theory of Planned Behavior


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