An intelligent model of green urban distribution in the blockchain environment

Yan Li, Ming Lim, Chao Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)
115 Downloads (Pure)


Recently, with the deterioration of the environment, increasing companies choose horizontal cooperation to achieve the goal of reducing environmental pollution and cost in the urban distribution industry. However, companies worry that the business information is leaked in the process of horizontal cooperation. This kind of mistrust often leads to the failure of horizontal cooperation. The emergence of blockchain technology has become a great means to resolve trust problem between partners, which ensures data sharing and trust through peer-to-peer, consensus mechanism and encryption technology. In response, this study proposes architecture of blockchain-based urban distribution system for horizontal cooperation that analyzes the components and layers of the urban distribution. Meanwhile, a smart contract, the innovative applications of blockchain, is designed to match the resource of supply and demand to design the distribution routes in the urban distribution system. To achieve the above goal, an open vehicle routing model of urban distribution taking into account environmental pollution factors is developed as the mathematical logic of smart contract, which aims at the lowest total cost including fixed, fuel, penalty, carbon emission and pollutant emission costs. Furthermore, the genetic algorithm is developed to support the implementation of smart contract, and the effectiveness of the smart contract is verified through a real case. This study narrows the knowledge gap in applying blockchain technology to urban distribution, and has brought contributions to the fields of blockchain and urban distribution. Finally, the limitation and future research direction are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number105925
JournalResources, Conservation and Recycling
Early online date21 Sept 2021
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022

Bibliographical note

NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Resources, Conservation and Recycling. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 176, (2022)
DOI: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2021.105925

© 2021, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International

Funding Information:
This research is funded by the Chongqing Science and Technology Commission (Project no. cstc2019jscx-msxmX0189 ) and National Natural Science Foundation of China ( 72071006 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021


  • Blockchain
  • Horizontal cooperation
  • Smart contract
  • Urban distribution
  • Vehicle routing
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Economics and Econometrics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Economics and Econometrics


Dive into the research topics of 'An intelligent model of green urban distribution in the blockchain environment'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this