An institution-based view of international entrepreneurship: A comparison of context-based and universal determinants in developing and economically advanced countries

Vahid Jafari Sadeghi, Jean Marie Nkongolo-Bakenda, Robert B. Anderson, Léo Paul Dana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)


The objective of this paper is to investigate the institutional characteristics of different geographic contexts that affect the internationalisation of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). The study focuses on three categories of factors: (a) sociocultural, (b) political/legal, and (c) economic. Under economic factors, it examines competitive pressures in international markets, the nature of demands in international markets, domestic resources advantages, and domestic general economic characteristics. The paper identifies universal factors that influence the internationalisation of SMEs regardless of the location of the firm. These universal factors are distinguished from context-based factors, which are specific to the particular conditions of the people/location of the firm. A comparative analysis of cases from Italy and Iran allow us to find factors that are universal, others that are Iranian context-based, and one factor specific to the Italian context. Also, our analysis suggests the existence of some factors without significant influence in either country.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101588
JournalInternational Business Review
Issue number6
Early online date6 Jun 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2019
Externally publishedYes



President's Research SEED Grant, University of Regina


  • Context-based determinants
  • Institutions
  • International entrepreneurship
  • SME internationalisation
  • Universal factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Finance
  • Marketing

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