‘An Imperfect Peace’: Paramilitary ‘Punishments’ in Northern Ireland

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Since the beginning of the Troubles, alternative forms of justice have emerged in many working class areas of Northern Ireland. Such justice operates outside the formal state system and is undertaken by paramilitaries. This article explores the nature of this informal justice including an identification of activities liable for 'punishment', the procedures involved and the types of 'punishment' meted out. Moreover, this article examines the pattern of paramilitary 'punishments' in the pre- and post cease fire periods.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)439-461
Number of pages23
JournalTerrorism and Political Violence
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Terrorism and Political Violence in 2004, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/09546550490509775


  • Northern Ireland
  • paramilitaries
  • informal justice
  • vigilantism


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