An Experimental Study on Mechanisms for Sediment Transformation Due to Riverbank Collapse

Anping Shu, Guosheng Duan, Matteo Rubinato, Lu Tian, Mengyao Wang, Shu Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Riverbank erosion is a natural process in rivers that can become exacerbated by direct and indirect human impacts. Unfortunately, riverbank degradation can cause societal impacts such as property loss and sedimentation of in-stream structures, as well as environmental impacts such as water quality impact. The frequency, magnitude, and impact of riverbank collapse events in China and worldwide are forecasted to increase under climate change. To understand and mitigate the risk of riverbank collapse, experimental/field data in real conditions are required to provide robust calibration and validation of hydraulic and mathematical models. This paper presents an experimental set of tests conducted to characterize riverbank erosion and sediment transport for banks with slopes of 45°, 60°, 75°, and 90° and quantify the amount of sediments transported by the river, deposited within the bank toe or settled in the riverbed after having been removed due to erosion. The results showed interesting comprehension about the characterization of riverbank erosion and sediment transport along the river. These insights can be used for calibration and validation of new and existing numerical models.
LanguageEnglish
Article number529
Number of pages18
JournalWater (Switzerland)
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Mar 2019
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

bank erosion
Rivers
erosion
Erosion
Sediments
experimental study
sediment transport
sediments
Calibration
rivers
Sediment transport
river
calibration
sediment
bank
Climate Change
Water Quality
Toes
stream channels
Banks (bodies of water)

Bibliographical note

© 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

Keywords

  • Riverbank collapse
  • Sediment
  • Transforming mechanism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Aquatic Science
  • Water Science and Technology

Cite this

An Experimental Study on Mechanisms for Sediment Transformation Due to Riverbank Collapse. / Shu, Anping ; Duan, Guosheng; Rubinato, Matteo; Tian, Lu; Wang, Mengyao; Wang, Shu.

In: Water (Switzerland), Vol. 11, No. 3, 529, 14.03.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shu, Anping ; Duan, Guosheng ; Rubinato, Matteo ; Tian, Lu ; Wang, Mengyao ; Wang, Shu. / An Experimental Study on Mechanisms for Sediment Transformation Due to Riverbank Collapse. In: Water (Switzerland). 2019 ; Vol. 11, No. 3.
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