An examination of the construct validity of the Generalized Pliance Questionnaire

Daniel Waldeck, Luca Pancani, Ian Tyndall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
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The Generalized Pliance Questionnaire (GPQ) was originally validated against measures of psychological flexibility and psychological distress. However, measures which have substantial conceptual overlap with the GPQ (e.g., the Need to Belong Scale [NTBS], Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale [BFNE]) were not examined. The present study seeks to investigate the construct validity of the GPQ-9. As expected, data from a survey of 272 participants indicated significant large correlations between the GPQ-9 and NTBS and BFNE respectively. The results of a confirmatory factor analysis confirmed the unidimensional structure of the GPQ-9. A structural equation model revealed that the BFNE (and not the GPQ-9 or NTBS) was significantly associated with psychological flexibility and psychological distress. Implications of these tentative preliminary findings suggest that the BFNE and GPQ-9 should be used in different contexts when applied to Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) research.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50-54
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Contextual Behavioral Science
Early online date11 Dec 2018
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019

Bibliographical note

NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science, [[11] (2019)] DOI: 10.1016/j.jcbs.2018.12.003

© 2019, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International


  • Acceptance and commitment therapy
  • Construct validity
  • Generalized pliance
  • Relational frame theory
  • Rule-governed behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Applied Psychology
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Behavioral Neuroscience


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