An evidence-based guide to the investigation of sudden unexpected death in infancy

Joanna Garstang, Catherine Ellis, Peter Sidebotham

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    9 Citations (Scopus)
    5 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Purpose Many countries now have detailed investigations following sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI) but there is no clear evidence as to the most effective way to investigate SUDI. This systematic literature review addresses the following questions: What are the current models of practice for investigating SUDI? What is the evidence to support these investigative models? What are the key factors for effective SUDI investigation? Methods This was a systematic review of papers from Europe, North America, and Australasia, detailing models of SUDI investigation or the outcomes of SUDI investigations. Results The review includes data detailing four different models of investigation: police-led, coroner or medical examiner-led, healthcare-led or joint agency approach models. There were 18 different publications providing evidence of effectiveness of these models. All models, with the exception of police-led models, have the potential to reach best practice standards for SUDI investigation. Key factors identified for effective SUDI investigation include the need for mandatory investigation, strong leadership, integration with coronial services, and for investigations to be provided by specialist professionals. Conclusion Detailed SUDI investigation should lead to greater understanding of why infants die and should help prevent future deaths. The challenge is now to ensure that local SUDI investigative practices are as effective as possible.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)345-357
    JournalForensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
    Volume11
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - May 2015

    Fingerprint

    Sudden Death
    Police
    Australasia
    Coroners and Medical Examiners
    North America
    Practice Guidelines
    Publications
    Delivery of Health Care

    Bibliographical note

    The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12024-015-9680-x .

    Keywords

    • Sudden unexpected death in infancy
    • Sudden infant death syndrome
    • Death scene investigation
    • Cause of death
    • Evidence-based practice

    Cite this

    An evidence-based guide to the investigation of sudden unexpected death in infancy. / Garstang, Joanna; Ellis, Catherine; Sidebotham, Peter.

    In: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology, Vol. 11, No. 3, 05.2015, p. 345-357.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Garstang, Joanna ; Ellis, Catherine ; Sidebotham, Peter. / An evidence-based guide to the investigation of sudden unexpected death in infancy. In: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology. 2015 ; Vol. 11, No. 3. pp. 345-357.
    @article{1fe3e9e9b26a44599432dbe07f1f11b4,
    title = "An evidence-based guide to the investigation of sudden unexpected death in infancy",
    abstract = "Purpose Many countries now have detailed investigations following sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI) but there is no clear evidence as to the most effective way to investigate SUDI. This systematic literature review addresses the following questions: What are the current models of practice for investigating SUDI? What is the evidence to support these investigative models? What are the key factors for effective SUDI investigation? Methods This was a systematic review of papers from Europe, North America, and Australasia, detailing models of SUDI investigation or the outcomes of SUDI investigations. Results The review includes data detailing four different models of investigation: police-led, coroner or medical examiner-led, healthcare-led or joint agency approach models. There were 18 different publications providing evidence of effectiveness of these models. All models, with the exception of police-led models, have the potential to reach best practice standards for SUDI investigation. Key factors identified for effective SUDI investigation include the need for mandatory investigation, strong leadership, integration with coronial services, and for investigations to be provided by specialist professionals. Conclusion Detailed SUDI investigation should lead to greater understanding of why infants die and should help prevent future deaths. The challenge is now to ensure that local SUDI investigative practices are as effective as possible.",
    keywords = "Sudden unexpected death in infancy, Sudden infant death syndrome, Death scene investigation, Cause of death, Evidence-based practice",
    author = "Joanna Garstang and Catherine Ellis and Peter Sidebotham",
    note = "The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12024-015-9680-x .",
    year = "2015",
    month = "5",
    doi = "10.1007/s12024-015-9680-x",
    language = "English",
    volume = "11",
    pages = "345--357",
    journal = "Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology",
    issn = "1547-769X",
    publisher = "Springer Verlag",
    number = "3",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - An evidence-based guide to the investigation of sudden unexpected death in infancy

    AU - Garstang, Joanna

    AU - Ellis, Catherine

    AU - Sidebotham, Peter

    N1 - The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12024-015-9680-x .

    PY - 2015/5

    Y1 - 2015/5

    N2 - Purpose Many countries now have detailed investigations following sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI) but there is no clear evidence as to the most effective way to investigate SUDI. This systematic literature review addresses the following questions: What are the current models of practice for investigating SUDI? What is the evidence to support these investigative models? What are the key factors for effective SUDI investigation? Methods This was a systematic review of papers from Europe, North America, and Australasia, detailing models of SUDI investigation or the outcomes of SUDI investigations. Results The review includes data detailing four different models of investigation: police-led, coroner or medical examiner-led, healthcare-led or joint agency approach models. There were 18 different publications providing evidence of effectiveness of these models. All models, with the exception of police-led models, have the potential to reach best practice standards for SUDI investigation. Key factors identified for effective SUDI investigation include the need for mandatory investigation, strong leadership, integration with coronial services, and for investigations to be provided by specialist professionals. Conclusion Detailed SUDI investigation should lead to greater understanding of why infants die and should help prevent future deaths. The challenge is now to ensure that local SUDI investigative practices are as effective as possible.

    AB - Purpose Many countries now have detailed investigations following sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI) but there is no clear evidence as to the most effective way to investigate SUDI. This systematic literature review addresses the following questions: What are the current models of practice for investigating SUDI? What is the evidence to support these investigative models? What are the key factors for effective SUDI investigation? Methods This was a systematic review of papers from Europe, North America, and Australasia, detailing models of SUDI investigation or the outcomes of SUDI investigations. Results The review includes data detailing four different models of investigation: police-led, coroner or medical examiner-led, healthcare-led or joint agency approach models. There were 18 different publications providing evidence of effectiveness of these models. All models, with the exception of police-led models, have the potential to reach best practice standards for SUDI investigation. Key factors identified for effective SUDI investigation include the need for mandatory investigation, strong leadership, integration with coronial services, and for investigations to be provided by specialist professionals. Conclusion Detailed SUDI investigation should lead to greater understanding of why infants die and should help prevent future deaths. The challenge is now to ensure that local SUDI investigative practices are as effective as possible.

    KW - Sudden unexpected death in infancy

    KW - Sudden infant death syndrome

    KW - Death scene investigation

    KW - Cause of death

    KW - Evidence-based practice

    U2 - 10.1007/s12024-015-9680-x

    DO - 10.1007/s12024-015-9680-x

    M3 - Article

    VL - 11

    SP - 345

    EP - 357

    JO - Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology

    JF - Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology

    SN - 1547-769X

    IS - 3

    ER -