Objective To evaluate a group-based self-management program (SMP) delivered as part of a quality improvement program, Co-Creating Health, for patients living with one of four long-term conditions (LTCs): chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, depression, diabetes, and musculoskeletal pain. Methods The 7 week SMP was co-delivered by lay and health professional tutors. Patients completed self-reported outcome measures at pre-course and 6 months follow-up. Results 486 patients completed (attended ≥5 sessions) the SMP and returned pre-course and 6 months follow up data. Patients reported significant improvements in patient activation (ES 0.65, p <0.001), with 53.9% of all patients reporting a meaningful ≥4 point improvement. Health-related quality of life (ES 0.06, p = 0.04), and health status (ES 0.33, p <0.001) were also significantly improved. Patients’ anxiety (ES 0.37, p <0.001) and depression (ES 0.31, p <0.001) significantly improved. Patients also reported significant improvements in their self-management skills (p values from p <0.001 to p = 0.028). Conclusion Attending the SMP led to improvements in a range of outcomes. Improvement in patient activation is important, as activated patients are more likely to perform self-care activities. Practice implications Co-delivered SMPs provide meaningful improvements in activation for >50% of those who complete and are a useful addition to self-management support provision. Publisher statement: Copyright 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NCND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/).
Bibliographical noteCopyright 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NCND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/).
- Long-term conditions
- Self-management program
- Patient activation