An evaluation of a self-management program for patients with long-term conditions

Andrew P. Turner, Jo Kosmala-Anderson, Louise M. Wallace, Claire Bourne

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    33 Citations (Scopus)
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    Abstract

    Objective To evaluate a group-based self-management program (SMP) delivered as part of a quality improvement program, Co-Creating Health, for patients living with one of four long-term conditions (LTCs): chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, depression, diabetes, and musculoskeletal pain. Methods The 7 week SMP was co-delivered by lay and health professional tutors. Patients completed self-reported outcome measures at pre-course and 6 months follow-up. Results 486 patients completed (attended ≥5 sessions) the SMP and returned pre-course and 6 months follow up data. Patients reported significant improvements in patient activation (ES 0.65, p <0.001), with 53.9% of all patients reporting a meaningful ≥4 point improvement. Health-related quality of life (ES 0.06, p = 0.04), and health status (ES 0.33, p <0.001) were also significantly improved. Patients’ anxiety (ES 0.37, p <0.001) and depression (ES 0.31, p <0.001) significantly improved. Patients also reported significant improvements in their self-management skills (p values from p <0.001 to p = 0.028). Conclusion Attending the SMP led to improvements in a range of outcomes. Improvement in patient activation is important, as activated patients are more likely to perform self-care activities. Practice implications Co-delivered SMPs provide meaningful improvements in activation for >50% of those who complete and are a useful addition to self-management support provision. Publisher statement: Copyright 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NCND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/).
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)213-219
    JournalPatient Education and Counseling
    Volume98
    Issue number2
    Early online date22 Oct 2014
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 2015

    Bibliographical note

    Copyright 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NCND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/).

    Keywords

    • Long-term conditions
    • Self-management program
    • Patient activation
    • Co-delivery

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