An empirical investigation of total quality management in Libya: a proposed guideline of implementation

Abdussalam Shibani, R. Soetanto, Eshmaiel Ganjian, Amrit Sagoo, N. Gherbal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)
176 Downloads (Pure)


Rapid socio-economic and technological changes have urged the implementation of new approaches to procure construction projects. Total Quality Management (TQM) is one of the approaches that contribute towards ensuring that projects are being delivered to the stakeholder requirements. This study identifies critical success factors (CSFs) that affect the implementation of TQM in the Libyan Construction Industry (LCI) and develops guidelines which help companies implement and maintain quality management systems. To achieve these aims, the research employed both quantitative and qualitative methods. Based on a thorough review of literature, a questionnaire was developed and distributed to 200 managers. Data from 130 completed questionnaires were then analysed using Principal Component Analysis (PCA), which reveals the internal structure of the data in a way that explains the dimensions of TQM implementation in LCI. The results identify five reliable and valid TQM dimensions, namely organisation management, communication to improve quality, training and development, employee involvement and recognition, and culture. Supported by relevant literature and interviews with a number of managers, they provide the basis for developing the guideline for successful implementation of TQM in Libyan construction companies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-52
JournalInternational Journal of Information Systems in the Service Sector
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Bibliographical note

This paper appears in the International Journal of Information Systems in the Service Sector, edited by John Wang. Copyright, 2012, IGI Global, Posted by permission of the publisher.


  • total quality management
  • construction
  • Libya


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