Objective The rate of caesarean section continues to increase, and there is evidence that childbirth fear is a contributing factor. Insufficient evidence is available on the impact of reducing childbirth fear on health-related quality of life and health service use. We undertook an economic evaluation of a psycho-education counselling intervention offered by midwives to address women's fear of childbirth in Australia. Methods Pregnant women (n = 339) with high childbirth fear were randomised to a midwife-led psycho-education intervention for childbirth fear or to usual care. This paper presents the economic evaluation of the intervention based on health-related quality of life and health service use from recruitment to six weeks postpartum (n = 184). Results The changes in health-related quality of life after birth (EQ-5D-3L: 0.016 vs. 0.010, p = 0.833, for usual care and intervention) and total health care use cost (AUS$10,110 vs. AUS$9980, p = 0.819) were similar between groups. The intervention did not increase costs; however, in a post hoc analysis, the interventions might be cost-effective for those women with very high childbirth fear. Conclusion This brief psycho-education intervention by midwives did not improve the health-related quality of life of women, and had no impact on overall cost.
FunderThis study was funded by the National Health and Medical Research Council (Grant number: APP1025099 ).
- Childbirth fear
- Health services use
- Health-related quality of life
- Healthcare cost
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology
- Maternity and Midwifery