Air Quality and Comfort Characterisation within an Electric Vehicle Cabin in Heating and Cooling Operations

Luigi Russi, Paolo Guidorzi, Beatrice Pulvirenti, Davide Aguiari, Giovanni Pau, Giovanni Semprini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
34 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This work is aimed at the experimental characterisation of air quality and thermal profile within an electric vehicle cabin, measuring at the same time the HVAC system energy consumption. Pollutant concentrations in the vehicle cabin are measured by means of a low-cost system of sensors. The effects of the HVAC system configuration, such as fresh-air and recirculation mode, on cabin air quality, are discussed. It is shown that the PM concentrations observed in recirculation mode are lower than those in fresh-air mode, while VOC concentrations are generally higher in recirculation than in fresh-air mode. The energy consumption is compared in different configurations of the HVAC system. The novelty of this work is the combined measurement of important comfort parameters such as air temperature distribution and air quality within the vehicle, together with the real time energy consumption of the HVAC system. A wider concept of comfort is enabled, based on the use of low-cost sensors in the automotive field.
Original languageEnglish
Article number543
Number of pages16
JournalSensors
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • electric vehicle
  • pollutant concentration
  • HVAC
  • Arduino sensors
  • vehicle energetics

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