Agroecology and food sovereignty in the Caribbean: Insights from Cuba, Puerto Rico, and Sint Maarten

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


The quest for food self-sufficiency in the Caribbean Islands has been hindered by several historical crises. Cuba, Puerto Rico, and Sint Maarten showcase contrasting food systems despite their climatic similarities. While the food sovereignty movement in Cuba is largely based on agroecology and fully supported by the government, in Puerto Rico, agroecology represents a form of resistance against colonial heritage and simultaneously constitutes a proposal for autonomy. Similarly, in Sint Maarten the lack of government support for food and farming has set fertile ground for a few “rebels” who base their livelihoods on agroecological food production rather than on tourism and services. Going forward with agroecology and food sovereignty in the Caribbean territories requires further focus on documenting how agroecology-based farming systems are serving as vehicles for climate justice, especially when based on climate change-resilient designs of food and farming systems, and disaster risk reduction, and highlighting the important role of animal farming systems. Indeed, food sovereignty is a tool for social justice, particularly where government support is absent, and communities must rely on self-management and self-organization.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRoutledge Handbook of Latin America and the Environment
EditorsBeatriz Bustos, Salvatore Engel-Di Mauro, Gustavo García-López, Felipe Milanez, Diana Ojeda
PublisherRoutledge Taylor & Francis Group
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9780429344428
ISBN (Print)9780367361860
Publication statusPublished - 31 May 2023


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