Affective Responses to Supervised 10-Week Programmes of Resistance Exercise in Older Adults

Darren Lee Richardson, Michael Duncan, Alfonso Jimenez, Paul Juris, Neil Clarke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background
Resistance exercise has numerous, well-documented benefits on the health and functional performance of older adults. However, little information exists on the affective responses to resistance exercise in this population. Because affective responses can predict continued exercise behavior, examining if and how they differ between resistance exercise intensities and frequencies in older adults may provide important data to improve resistance exercise prescription.

Methods
We monitored the affective responses of older adults when performing high-velocity, low-load (HVLL) or low-velocity, high-load (LVHL) resistance exercise once or twice weekly. A total of 40 moderately to highly active, but resistance-exercise naïve, older adults (60–79 years) completed 1 of 4 randomly assigned progressive resistance exercise conditions: HVLL once weekly (HVLL1: n = 10), HVLL twice weekly (HVLL2: n = 10), LVHL once weekly (LVHL1: n = 10), or LVHL twice weekly (LVHL2: n = 10). The Physical Activity Affect Scale, Felt Arousal Scale, Feeling Scale, rating of perceived exertion, visual analogue, and the Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale were used to assess enjoyment and affective responses.

Results
The results from Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale (out of 35) suggest that all exercise conditions were largely and similarly enjoyable to older adults (HVLL1: 30.9 ± 2.4; LVHL1: 31.9 ± 3.6; HVLL2: 30.9 ± 3.5; LVHL2: 30.2 ± 3.7) despite greater fatigue (p = 0.033; = 0.22) and perceived workload (p = 0.042;  = 0.20) in LVHL.

Conclusion
Moderately to highly physically active older adults may tolerate higher intensities of resistance exercise performed once or twice weekly without experiencing a negative impact on enjoyment. However, the role that supervision and social interaction played in shaping the participants’ responses is unclear.
LanguageEnglish
Pages(In-press)
JournalJournal of Sport and Health Science
Volume(In-press)
Early online date17 Jan 2019
DOIs
StateE-pub ahead of print - 17 Jan 2019

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Insurance Benefits
Interpersonal Relations
Arousal
Workload
Fatigue
Prescriptions
Emotions
Population

Bibliographical note

Published under a CC-BY-NC-ND licence

Keywords

  • Exercise affect
  • Enjoyment
  • Ageing
  • Health education

Cite this

Affective Responses to Supervised 10-Week Programmes of Resistance Exercise in Older Adults. / Richardson, Darren Lee; Duncan, Michael; Jimenez, Alfonso; Juris, Paul; Clarke, Neil.

In: Journal of Sport and Health Science, Vol. (In-press), 17.01.2019, p. (In-press).

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "BackgroundResistance exercise has numerous, well-documented benefits on the health and functional performance of older adults. However, little information exists on the affective responses to resistance exercise in this population. Because affective responses can predict continued exercise behavior, examining if and how they differ between resistance exercise intensities and frequencies in older adults may provide important data to improve resistance exercise prescription.MethodsWe monitored the affective responses of older adults when performing high-velocity, low-load (HVLL) or low-velocity, high-load (LVHL) resistance exercise once or twice weekly. A total of 40 moderately to highly active, but resistance-exercise na{\"i}ve, older adults (60–79 years) completed 1 of 4 randomly assigned progressive resistance exercise conditions: HVLL once weekly (HVLL1: n = 10), HVLL twice weekly (HVLL2: n = 10), LVHL once weekly (LVHL1: n = 10), or LVHL twice weekly (LVHL2: n = 10). The Physical Activity Affect Scale, Felt Arousal Scale, Feeling Scale, rating of perceived exertion, visual analogue, and the Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale were used to assess enjoyment and affective responses.ResultsThe results from Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale (out of 35) suggest that all exercise conditions were largely and similarly enjoyable to older adults (HVLL1: 30.9 ± 2.4; LVHL1: 31.9 ± 3.6; HVLL2: 30.9 ± 3.5; LVHL2: 30.2 ± 3.7) despite greater fatigue (p = 0.033; = 0.22) and perceived workload (p = 0.042;  = 0.20) in LVHL.ConclusionModerately to highly physically active older adults may tolerate higher intensities of resistance exercise performed once or twice weekly without experiencing a negative impact on enjoyment. However, the role that supervision and social interaction played in shaping the participants’ responses is unclear.",
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N2 - BackgroundResistance exercise has numerous, well-documented benefits on the health and functional performance of older adults. However, little information exists on the affective responses to resistance exercise in this population. Because affective responses can predict continued exercise behavior, examining if and how they differ between resistance exercise intensities and frequencies in older adults may provide important data to improve resistance exercise prescription.MethodsWe monitored the affective responses of older adults when performing high-velocity, low-load (HVLL) or low-velocity, high-load (LVHL) resistance exercise once or twice weekly. A total of 40 moderately to highly active, but resistance-exercise naïve, older adults (60–79 years) completed 1 of 4 randomly assigned progressive resistance exercise conditions: HVLL once weekly (HVLL1: n = 10), HVLL twice weekly (HVLL2: n = 10), LVHL once weekly (LVHL1: n = 10), or LVHL twice weekly (LVHL2: n = 10). The Physical Activity Affect Scale, Felt Arousal Scale, Feeling Scale, rating of perceived exertion, visual analogue, and the Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale were used to assess enjoyment and affective responses.ResultsThe results from Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale (out of 35) suggest that all exercise conditions were largely and similarly enjoyable to older adults (HVLL1: 30.9 ± 2.4; LVHL1: 31.9 ± 3.6; HVLL2: 30.9 ± 3.5; LVHL2: 30.2 ± 3.7) despite greater fatigue (p = 0.033; = 0.22) and perceived workload (p = 0.042;  = 0.20) in LVHL.ConclusionModerately to highly physically active older adults may tolerate higher intensities of resistance exercise performed once or twice weekly without experiencing a negative impact on enjoyment. However, the role that supervision and social interaction played in shaping the participants’ responses is unclear.

AB - BackgroundResistance exercise has numerous, well-documented benefits on the health and functional performance of older adults. However, little information exists on the affective responses to resistance exercise in this population. Because affective responses can predict continued exercise behavior, examining if and how they differ between resistance exercise intensities and frequencies in older adults may provide important data to improve resistance exercise prescription.MethodsWe monitored the affective responses of older adults when performing high-velocity, low-load (HVLL) or low-velocity, high-load (LVHL) resistance exercise once or twice weekly. A total of 40 moderately to highly active, but resistance-exercise naïve, older adults (60–79 years) completed 1 of 4 randomly assigned progressive resistance exercise conditions: HVLL once weekly (HVLL1: n = 10), HVLL twice weekly (HVLL2: n = 10), LVHL once weekly (LVHL1: n = 10), or LVHL twice weekly (LVHL2: n = 10). The Physical Activity Affect Scale, Felt Arousal Scale, Feeling Scale, rating of perceived exertion, visual analogue, and the Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale were used to assess enjoyment and affective responses.ResultsThe results from Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale (out of 35) suggest that all exercise conditions were largely and similarly enjoyable to older adults (HVLL1: 30.9 ± 2.4; LVHL1: 31.9 ± 3.6; HVLL2: 30.9 ± 3.5; LVHL2: 30.2 ± 3.7) despite greater fatigue (p = 0.033; = 0.22) and perceived workload (p = 0.042;  = 0.20) in LVHL.ConclusionModerately to highly physically active older adults may tolerate higher intensities of resistance exercise performed once or twice weekly without experiencing a negative impact on enjoyment. However, the role that supervision and social interaction played in shaping the participants’ responses is unclear.

KW - Exercise affect

KW - Enjoyment

KW - Ageing

KW - Health education

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DO - 10.1016/j.jshs.2019.01.006

M3 - Article

VL - (In-press)

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JO - Journal of Sport and Health Science

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JF - Journal of Sport and Health Science

ER -