Adaptive suspension strategy for a double wishbone suspension through camber and toe optimization

C. Kavitha, S. Abinav Shankar, B. Ashok, S. Denis Ashok, Hafiz Ahmed, Muhammad Usman Kaisan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)
143 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

A suspension system is responsible for the safety of vehicle during its manoeuvre. It serves the dual purpose of providing stability to the vehicle while providing a comfortable ride quality to the occupants. Recent trends in suspension system have focused on improving comfort and handling of vehicles while keeping the cost, space and feasibility of manufacturing in the constraint. This paper proposes a method for improving handling characteristics of a vehicle by controlling camber and toe angle using variable length arms in an adaptive manner. In order to study the effect of dynamic characteristics of the suspension system, a simulation study has been done in this work. A quarter car physical model with double wishbone suspension geometry is modelled in SolidWorks. It is then imported and simulated using SimMechanics platform in MATLAB. The output characteristics of the passive system (without variable length arms) were validated on MSC ADAMS software. The adaptive system intends to improve vehicle handling characteristics by controlling the camber and toe angles. This is accomplished by two telescopic arms with an actuator which changes the camber and toe angle of the wheel dynamically to deliver best possible traction and manoeuvrability. Two PID controllers are employed to trigger the actuators based on the camber and toe angle from the sensors for reducing the error existing between the actual and desired value. The arms are driven by actuators in a closed loop feedback manner with help of a separate control system. Comparison between active and passive systems is carried out by analysing graphs of various parameters obtained from MATLAB simulation. From the results, it is observed that there is a reduction of 58% in the camber and 96% in toe gain. Hence, the system provides the scope of considerable adaptive strategy in controlling dynamic characteristics of the suspension system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-158
Number of pages10
JournalEngineering Science and Technology, an International Journal
Volume21
Issue number1
Early online date9 Feb 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2018

Keywords

  • Active suspension system
  • Active camber control
  • Active toe control
  • Vehicle traction
  • Manoeuvrability
  • Vehicle handling

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