Adaptive immersion and invariance induced optimal robust control of unmanned surface vessels with structured/unstructured uncertainties

Hamid Taghavifar, Yechen Qin, Chuan Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This paper addresses the path-tracking performance improvement of unmanned surface vessels (USVs) through a novel adaptive immersion and invariance (I&I) based robust adaptive control algorithm. The substantial drawback related to the control of USVs is the uncertain dynamics of the vessel, and unexpected environmental disturbances due to surges or crosswinds that promote the instability. The asymptotic stability of the closed-loop USV system is guaranteed based on the I&I stability theory, and the adaptation laws for the uncertain parameters are derived accordingly. The design variables of I&I algorithm are varied in a convex optimization problem with constraints on the control inputs. The robustness of the proposed algorithm is further assessed for the target USV subject to uncertain hydrodynamic damping in surge, sway and yaw. The performance of the proposed control algorithm is tested against benchmark schemes of disturbance observer-based composite nonlinear feedback (DO-CNF) and robust LQR (RLQR). The results are suggestive of the improved performance of the USV to follow the intended trajectory while guaranteeing optimality in the sense of actuation constraints.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109792
JournalOcean Engineering
Volume239
Early online date23 Sep 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2021

Keywords

  • Autonomous vehicles
  • Controls
  • I&I
  • PSO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Ocean Engineering

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