Adaptive energy management of a battery-supercapacitor energy storage system for electric vehicles based on flexible perception and neural network fitting

Tao Zhu, Richard G.A. Wills, Roberto Lot, Haijun Ruan, Zhihao Jiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The hybrid energy storage system (HESS) composed of batteries and supercapacitors (SCs) is a dual energy storage technology that can compensate for the shortcomings of a single energy storage technology acting alone. The energy management of HESS splits the power and energy demands from the electric vehicle (EV) to the battery and SC and thus is vital to EV propulsion. This paper presents an online energy management strategy (EMS) that optimises the operating costs of battery-SC HESS and can be adaptive to real-time EV driving conditions. We analyse the optimal offline benchmarks to guide online EMS design and propose the adaptive online EMS with variable perception horizon based on both neural network and rule-based techniques. Compared with existing research, the proposed EMS features reduced complexity, flexible perception and intelligent rulemaking. Case study results show that the proposed variable perception horizon and neural network fitting can improve EMS optimality compared with the conventional methods in existing research. The proposed EMS can realise more than 97% cost optimisation efficacy of offline benchmarks. By the proposed EMS, this paper is expected to provide a practical and effective energy management approach for the battery-SC HESS to reduce costs in EV applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number116932
JournalApplied Energy
Volume292
Early online date14 Apr 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cost optimisation
  • Electric vehicle
  • Energy management
  • Hybrid energy storage system
  • Neural network fitting
  • Variable perception horizon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Energy(all)
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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