Actual vs. Perceived Motor Competence in Children (8–10 Years): An Issue of Non-Veridicality

Cain Clark, Jason Moran, Benjamin Drury, Fotini Venetsanou, John Fernandes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)
20 Downloads (Pure)


The purpose of this study was to investigate the between- and within-sex differences in actual and perceived locomotor and object control skills in children (8–10 year). All participants (58 children (29 boys; 9.5 pm 0.6 years; 1.44 pm 0.09 m; 39.6 pm 9.5 kg; body mass index; 18.8 pm 3.1 kgm2)) completed the Test of Gross Motor Development (2nd edition) and the Pictorial Scale of Perceived Movement Skill Competence for Young Children. Between- and within-sex differences were assessed using independent and paired samples t-tests, respectively. For all tests, effect sizes and Bayes factors were calculated. There were significant differences (p <0.001) between sexes for perceived locomotor and perceived object control skills (boys > girls), with Bayes factors extremely in favour of the alternate hypothesis (BF: 55,344 and 460, respectively). A significant difference (p <0.001) was found between girls’ actual and perceived locomotor skills (d = -0.88; 95% confidence interval: -0.46 to -1.34), with Bayes factors extremely in favour of the alternate hypothesis (BF: 483). A significant difference (p <0.001) was found between boys’ actual and perceived object control skills (d = 0.69; 95% CI: 0.2 to 1.12), with Bayes factors very strongly in favour of the alternate hypothesis (BF: 41). These findings suggest that there exists an issue of non-veridicality between actual and perceived motor competence skills, and their subsets, and a sex-mediated discord in children (8–10 years).
Original languageEnglish
Article number20
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 22 Mar 2018


Bibliographical note

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0)

Copyright © and Moral Rights are retained by the author(s) and/ or other copyright owners. A copy can be downloaded for personal non-commercial research or study, without prior permission or charge. This item cannot be reproduced or quoted extensively from without first obtaining permission in writing from the copyright holder(s). The content must not be changed in any way or sold commercially in any format or medium without the formal permission of the copyright holders.


  • Motor Competence
  • Actual
  • Perceived
  • Children
  • Locomotor
  • Object control

Cite this