Activation and splitting of carbon dioxide on the surface of an inorganic electride material

Yoshitake Toda, Hiroyuki Hirayama, Navaratnarajah Kuganathan, Antonio Torrisi, Peter V. Sushko, Hideo Hosono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

78 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Activation of carbon dioxide is the most important step in its conversion into valuable chemicals. Surfaces of stable oxide with a low work function may be promising for this purpose. Here we report that the surfaces of the inorganic electride [Ca24Al28O64]4+(e -)4 activate and split carbon dioxide at room temperature. This behaviour is attributed to a high concentration of localized electrons in the near-surface region and a corrugation of the surface that can trap oxygen atoms and strained carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide molecules. The [Ca 24Al28O64]4+(e-) 4 surface exposed to carbon dioxide is studied using temperature-programmed desorption, and spectroscopic methods. The results of these measurements, corroborated with ab initio simulations, show that both carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide adsorb on the [Ca24Al 28O64]4+(e-)4 surface at RT and above and adopt unusual configurations that result in desorption of molecular carbon monoxide and atomic oxygen upon heating.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2378
JournalNature Communications
Volume4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2013
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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