Achieving sustainable development of supply chain by incorporating various carbon regulatory mechanisms

Mahtab Sherafati, Mahdi Bashiri, Reza Tavakkoli-Moghaddam, Mir Saman Pishvaee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)
206 Downloads (Pure)


Nowadays, sustainability issues have received considerable attention in supply chain management because of the governmental requirements as well as expectations of the people. This paper introduces a novel supply chain network design problem to cover three dimensions of sustainability, namely economic, environmental, and social. The advantage of the presented model stems from considering the booming development aligned with reduction in environmental impact. In this paper, to achieve the mentioned benefits and to derive a more sustainable supply chain, a novel model in the presence of the most commonly used carbon policies is proposed. This paper, addresses sustainable development through imposing proper carbon regulatory mechanisms. Main contribution of this study is to consider the effect of imposing carbon policies on environmental advantages as well as improving the regional development level in a supply chain network design problem. Moreover, the shipment consolidation decisions are utilized to reduce cost as well as environmental impact. In addition, a novel mixed uncertainty approach is proposed to capture the uncertain emission parameters. The numerical examples and a case study are analyzed to evaluate the performance of the proposed models. It is concluded that, a high-growth economy with low-carbon can be made and also almost global well-being of people is ensured by applying the proposed model. Some managerial insights are provided for the enterprises of supply chains to make the most appropriate sustainable decisions. Finally, proper carbon emission policies are suggested based on the region sustainability characteristics.
Original languageEnglish
Article number102253
JournalTransportation Research, Part D: Transport and Environment
Early online date20 Feb 2020
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2020

Bibliographical note

NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Transportation Research, Part D: Transport and Environment. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Transportation Research, Part D: Transport and Environment, 81, (2020) DOI: 10.1016/j.trd.2020.102253

© 2020, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International


  • Carbon policies
  • Robust optimization
  • Shipment consolidation
  • Supply chain network design
  • Sustainability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Transportation
  • Environmental Science(all)


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