Accounting professionals’ legitimacy maintenance of modern slavery inspired extreme work practices in an emerging economy.

Sandar Win, Mehul Chhatbar, Mahalaxmi Purajali, Seyefar Clement

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
9 Downloads (Pure)


It is well-established in the human resource management literature that high intensity and excessive workload can cause undesirable physiological, psychological, behavioural, and social outcomes. However, there is a need to theorise the process by which extreme work has been legitimised and embedded among professionals. In this paper, we view extreme workers as those professionals who contribute to their works beyond acceptable contractual obligations, either voluntarily for personal rewards or involuntarily due to the menace of penalty, or both. We chose to investigate how accounting professionals in India legitimise extreme work in their workplaces using exploratory qualitative research methods and applied economies of worth theoretical framework. Our findings demonstrate that senior accounting professionals with the assistance of professional associations can play an important role in mobilising professional and organisational resources to tackle extreme work in their accounting firms and the industry.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)(In-Press)
Number of pages33
JournalThe International Journal of Human Resource Management
Publication statusPublished - 23 Feb 2024

Bibliographical note

© 2024 The author(s). Published by Informa uK limited, trading as Taylor & francis group. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the creative commons attribution-noncommercial-noDerivatives license (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way. The terms on which this article has been published allow the posting of the accepted manuscript in a repository by the author(s) or with their consent.


  • Extreme work
  • economies of worth
  • professionals;
  • modern slavery


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