A Self-Report Study that Gauges Perceived and Induced Emotion with Music

Darryl Griffiths, Stuart Cunningham, Jonathan Weinel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceedingpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


This paper discusses a particular study that gauges emotion with respect to music by means of an online self-report survey. This is part of the ongoing construct of an intelligent mobile music player application that will adjudicate one's activity, environmental context, and physiological state. The study was structured so as to acquire emotional information by giving each participant a discrete affect word including `happy', `excited', `angry', `afraid', `miserable', `sad', `tired', and `relaxed'. Each affect word that was selected for a given song was corroborated by a degree of intensity using 5-point scale. The fundamental objective of this study was to measure as to how each song could be described emotionally, and how each song made them feel emotionally. Pearson's Chi-Squared concluded that 95% of the ratings for both `described' and `induced' emotions were statistically significant. The corresponding results were scaled to the proposed circular-based emotional model based on Russell's Circumplex model of emotion, by converting both the emotional ratings to polar coordinates. Further analysis of the data subsequently showed that the affect words that represent music could be given some granularity around the perimeter of the circle by expanding upon particular properties of Russell's circular ordering of affect words. Lastly, this paper concludes with a Section that outlines the future work for this research.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2015 Internet Technologies and Applications (ITA) Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference (ITA 15)
EditorsRich Pickering, Stuart Cunningham, Nigel Houlden, Denise Oram, Vic Grout, Julie Mayers
Place of PublicationUnited States
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-4673-9557-1
ISBN (Print)978-1-4799-8036-9
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes
EventInternet Technologies and Applications (ITA) - Wrexham, United Kingdom
Duration: 8 Sept 201511 Sept 2015


ConferenceInternet Technologies and Applications (ITA)
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom


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