A sectoral analysis of institutional quality and foreign direct investment in Mena countries: does sector type matter?

Brahim Bergougui, Mansoob Murshed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
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We examine the institutional quality (IQ) and foreign direct investment (FDI) nexus across 10 Middle Eastern and North African (MENA) countries from 1990 to 2018 based on disaggregated FDI data in the primary (extractive), secondary (manufacturing) and tertiary (service) sectors. There is prima facie evidence that IQ plays an important role in determining FDI at the aggregate level in the MENA region. Once we use sectoral FDI flows data, IQ is irrelevant to FDI inflows into the primary sector. Four aspects of IQ: rule of law index, accountability index, property rights and the aggregate IQ index, however, significantly impact secondary and tertiary FDI inflows into the MENA region, while corruption only plays a significant part in reducing FDI in the tertiary sector. Improving IQ is thus key to attracting more manufacturing and service sector FDI.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)987–1012
Number of pages26
JournalReview of World Economics
Early online date23 Nov 2022
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2023

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  • Institutional quality
  • Sectoral FDI
  • MENA region
  • 2SLS
  • Multiple imputation


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