A review on recent progress, challenges and perspective of battery thermal management system

Jiayuan Lin, Xinhua Liu, Shen Li, Cheng Zhang, Shichun Yang

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    237 Citations (Scopus)
    2322 Downloads (Pure)


    New energy vehicles have significant prospects in reducing greenhouse gas emission and environmental pollution. Lithium-ion batteries are the favored power source in electric vehicles because of their high energy density and long service life. The battery performance depends noticeably on the temperature. Battery thermal management system, which can keep the battery pack working in a proper temperature range, not only affects significantly the battery pack system performance but is also vital for the safety and stability. This article mainly summarizes the thermal management models in the literature which can predict heat generation, heat transfer and the temperature distribution within the battery cell, module and pack. The multi-physical battery thermal management systems are divided into three categories based on different methods of cooling the phase change materials such as air-cooled system, liquid-cooled system, and heat-pipe-cooled system. The emergency battery thermal battier methods are also summarized in multi-scale included material scale, battery management system and supplementary system. Finally, we propose a novel digital solution for full-lifespan thermal management control of EV power system based on CHAIN framework that helps improve the power battery temperature control strategy applying multiple working conditions.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number120834
    JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
    Early online date28 Dec 2020
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021

    Bibliographical note

    NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 167, (2021)
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2020.120834

    © 2021, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/


    Development Program of China (2018YFB0104400), and National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. U1864213 ).


    • Battery thermal management
    • CHAIN
    • Electric vehicle
    • Temperature distribution
    • Thermal model

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Mechanical Engineering
    • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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