A review of the Effect of Calcination Temperature on the Properties of Calcined Clay Concrete

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Naturally occurring clays can produce an amorphous siliceous material possessing pozzolanic properties if is heated at an appropriate temperature. Calcination at the right temperature is crucial since it affects the formation of relevant phases, pozzolanic reactivity, hydration kinetics and consequently, increase the strength and durability of concrete. This paper reviews the effect of
calcination temperature on the properties of mortar and concrete corporating calcined clay as partial cement replacement. It is observed that calcination temperatures close to 900°C decrease the specific surface and represent the onset for the structural reorganization of aluminosilicates. Both factors limit the pozzolanic reactivity and can consequently compromise compressive strength. The results show that mortar containing 20% calcined clay obtained compressive strength of 63MPa when calcined at 800oC, surpassing the reference cement by about 8MPa
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-74
Number of pages3
JournalInternational Journal on Engineering Technologies and Informatics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jul 2021

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  • Pozzolanic reactivity
  • Calcination temperature
  • Aluminosilicates
  • Calcined clay
  • Compressive strength


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