A Review of Corrosion and Protection of Steel in Concrete

Arpit Goyal, Homayoon Sadeghi Pouya, Esmaiel Ganjian, Peter Claisse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

102 Citations (Scopus)
516 Downloads (Pure)


Corrosion of reinforcement is one of the major durability challenges which leads to a reduction in the design life of reinforced concrete. Due to an increasing demand for longer service lives of infrastructure (typically 100-120 years) and the high cost involved in building and maintaining it, the repair of concrete structures has become extremely important. This paper discusses mechanism of corrosion in reinforced concrete and its thermodynamic and kinetic behaviour. It also presents and compares different corrosion prevention and protection techniques available and recommended by BS 1504-9:2008; including the use of corrosion inhibitors, alternative reinforcement, steel and concrete coating and electrochemical techniques. It is concluded that the electrochemical techniques are more effective than conventional methods.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5035-5055
Number of pages21
JournalArabian Journal for Science and Engineering
Issue number10
Early online date17 May 2018
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018

Bibliographical note

The final publication is available at Springer via https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13369-018-3303-2


  • Reinforcement Corrosion
  • Electrochemical Techniques
  • Corrosion Protection
  • Corrosion Inhibitors
  • Alternative Reinforcement
  • Coating


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