A Numerical Study on the Hydrodynamics of Standing Waves in front of Caisson Breakwaters by a WCSPH Model

Abbas Yeganeh-Bakhtiary, Hamid Houshangi, Fatemeh Hajivalie, Soroush Abolfathi

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Abstract

In this paper a two-dimensional Lagrangian model based on the weakly compressible smoothed particle hydrodynamics (WCSPH) was developed to explore the hydrodynamics of standing waves impinge on a caisson breakwater. The developed model is validated against experimental data and applied then to analyze the wave horizontal velocity in front of a vertical caisson. The effect of wall steepness was investigated in terms of the steady streaming pattern due to generation of fully to partially standing waves. The numerical results indicated that the partially standing waves generated in front of the sloped caisson change the pattern of steady streaming. For the vertical caisson, the velocity component of recirculating cells increased in front of the vertical wall; whereas, for the sloped caisson it decreased from the sloped wall with reducing the wall steepness. In addition, near the milder sloped wall the intensity of velocity component is higher, which is an important parameter in scour process in front of caisson breakwater.

Publisher Statement: Electronic version of an article published as [Coastal Engineering Journal, 59, 1, 2016, 1750005] [10.1142/S057856341750005X] © copyright World Scientific Publishing Company http://www.worldscientific.com/worldscinet/cej
Original languageEnglish
Article number1750005
JournalCoastal Engineering Journal
Volume59
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Nov 2016

Bibliographical note

Electronic version of an article published as [Coastal Engineering Journal, 59, 1, 2016, 1750005] [10.1142/S057856341750005X] © copyright World Scientific Publishing Company http://www.worldscientific.com/worldscinet/cej

Keywords

  • Standing waves
  • partially standing waves
  • steady streaming
  • vertical caisson breakwater
  • wall steepness
  • WCSPH

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