A Novel use of the Hybrid Energy Storage System for Primary Frequency Control in a Microgrid

Jianwei Li, Qingqing Yang, Pengfei Yao, Qixing Sun, Zhenyu Zhang, Min Zhang, Weijia Yuan

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22 Citations (Scopus)
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High penetration of renewable energycauses fluctuationsof power flow and results in system frequency fluctuation, which significantlyaffects the power system operation. The situation in microgrid (MG) is worse because of the low inertia and small time constant of the system. This paper present a novel use ofthesuperconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) and battery hybrid energy storage system with the function of frequency control in the MG.A hybrid power management strategy for the SMES and the battery is used to achieve, firstly, a faster primary frequencycontroland secondly, an improvement of battery service time.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)82-87
Number of pages6
JournalEnergy Procedia
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2016
EventApplied Energy Symposium and Forum: Renewable Energy Integration with Mini/Microgrid - Paradise Island , Maldives
Duration: 19 Apr 201621 Apr 2016

Bibliographical note

© 2016 Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).


  • Battery
  • Frequency control
  • Hybrid energy storage system (HESS)
  • Lifetime extension
  • Microgrid (MG)
  • Superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES)


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